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書籍詳細




洋書

第二次世界大戦と日本の無条件降伏

Unconditional : The Japanese Surrender in World War II

(Pivotal Moments in American History)

Gallicchio, Marc

Oxford Univ Pr 2020/08
264 p. 15 images 25 cm   
装丁: Hrd    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: GB
ISBN: 9780190091101
KCN: 1037895910
紀伊國屋書店 選定タイトル
標準価格:¥5,259(本体 ¥4,781)   
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納期について
DDC: 940
KDC: A514 北米/20世紀初頭〜第二次大戦
A612 日本/開国〜アジア太平洋戦争
関連書リスト: SB3121B 洋書に見る「日本」No. 36 (2020/2021冬号)
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Annotation

Bancroft Prize co-winner Marc Gallicchio offers a narrative of the surrender in its historical moment, revealing how and why the event unfolded as it did and the principle figures behind it, including George C. Marshall and Douglas MacArthur, who would effectively become the leader of Japan during the American occupation.

Full Description

"Signed on September 2, 1945 aboard the American battleship USS Missouri in Tokyo Bay by Japanese and Allied leaders, the instrument of surrender that formally ended the war in the Pacific brought to a close one of the most cataclysmic engagements in history. Behind it lay a debate that had been raging for some weeks prior among American military and political leaders. The surrender fulfilled the commitment that Franklin Roosevelt had made in 1943 at the Casablanca conference that it be "unconditional." Though readily accepted as policy at the time, after Roosevelt's death in April 1945 support for unconditional surrender wavered, particularly among Republicans in Congress, when the bloody campaigns on Iwo Jima and Okinawa made clear the cost of militaryvictory against Japan. Germany's unconditional surrender in May 1945 had been one thing; the war in the pacific was another. Many conservatives favored a negotiated surrender. Though this was the last time American forces would impose surrender unconditionally, questions surrounding it continued through the 1950s and 1960s--with the Korean and Vietnam Wars--when liberal and conservative views reversed, including over the definition of "peace with honor." The subject was revived during the ceremonies surrounding the 50th anniversary in 1995, and the Gulf and Iraq Wars, when the subjects of exit strategies and "accomplished missions" were debated. Marc Gallicchio reveals how and why the surrender in Tokyo Bay unfolded as it did and the principle figures behind it, including George C. Marshall and Douglas MacArthur. The latter would effectively become the leader of Japan and his tenure, and indeed the very nature of the American occupation, was shaped by the nature of the surrender. Most importantly, Gallicchio reveals how the policy of unconditional surrender has shaped our memory and our understanding of World War II."--