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書籍詳細




洋書

ポメランツ『大分岐:中国、ヨーロッパ、そして近代世界経済の形成』(原書)※著者新序言

The Great Divergence : China, Europe, and the Making of the Modern World Economy

(Princeton Classics)

Pomeranz, Kenneth

Princeton Univ Pr 2021/04
382 p. 22 cm   
装丁: Pap   
版表示など: pap.    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: US
ISBN: 9780691217185
KCN: 1039955495
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標準価格:¥3,115(本体 ¥2,832)   
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納期について
DDC: 909
KDC: A302 世界史一般
E180 経済史一般
M63
関連書リスト: NA6071
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Annotation

With a new preface by the author.

Full Description

A landmark comparative history of Europe and China that examines why the Industrial Revolution emerged in the West The Great Divergence sheds light on one of the great questions of history: Why did sustained industrial growth begin in Northwest Europe? Historian Kenneth Pomeranz shows that as recently as 1750, life expectancy, consumption, and product and factor markets were comparable in Europe and East Asia. Moreover, key regions in China and Japan were no worse off ecologically than those in Western Europe, with each region facing corresponding shortages of land-intensive products. Pomeranz's comparative lens reveals the two critical factors resulting in Europe's nineteenth-century divergence-the fortunate location of coal and access to trade with the New World. As East Asia's economy stagnated, Europe narrowly escaped the same fate largely due to favorable resource stocks from underground and overseas. This Princeton Classics edition includes a preface from the author and makes a powerful historical work available to new readers.

Table of Contents

Preface ix
Acknowledgments xxii
Introduction: Comparisons, Connections, and 3 (7)
Narratives of European Economic Development
Variations on the Europe-Centered Story: 10 (4)
Demography, Ecology, and Accumulation
Other Europe-Centered Stories: Markets, 14 (2)
Firms, and Institutions
Problems with the Europe-Centered Stories 16 (1)
Building a More Inclusive Story 17 (7)
Comparisons, Connections, and the Structure 24 (1)
of the Argument
A Note on Geographic Coverage 25 (4)
PART ONE A WORLD OF SURPRISING RESEMBLANCES 29 (2)
ONE Europe before Asia? Population, Capital 31 (38)
Accumulation, and Technology in Explanations
of European Development
Agriculture, Transport, and Livestock 32 (4)
Capital
Living Longer? Living Better? 36 (4)
Birthrates 40 (2)
Accumulation? 42 (1)
What about Technology? 43 (26)
TWO Market Economies in Europe and Asia 69 (40)
Land Markets and Restrictions on Land Use 70 (10)
in China and Western Europe
Labor Systems 80 (2)
Migration, Markets, and Institutions 82 (4)
Markets for Farm Products 86 (1)
Rural Industry and Sideline Activities 86 (5)
Family Labor in China and Europe: 91 (18)
"Involution" and the "Industrious
Revolution"
Conclusion to Part 1 Multiple Cores and 107 (2)
Shared Constraints in the Early Modern
World Economy
PART TWO FROM NEW ETHOS TO NEW ECONOMY? 109 (5)
CONSUMPTION, INVESTMENT, AND CAPITALISM
Introduction 111 (3)
THREE Luxury Consumption and the Rise of 114 (52)
Capitalism
More and Less Ordinary Luxuries 114 (2)
Everyday Luxuries and Popular Consumption 116 (11)
in Early Modern Europe and Asia
Consumer Durables and the "Objectification" 127 (25)
of Luxury
Exotic Goods and the Velocity of Fashion: 152 (10)
Global Conjuncture and the Appearance of
Culturally Based Economic Difference
Luxury Demand, Social Systems, and 162 (4)
Capitalist Firms
FOUR Visible Hands: Firm Structure, 166 (43)
Sociopolitical Structure, and "Capitalism" in
Europe and Asia
Overseas Extraction and Capital 186 (3)
Accumulation: The Williams Thesis Revisited
The Importance of the Obvious: Luxury 189 (5)
Demand, Capitalism, and New World
Colonization
Interstate Competition, Violence, and State 194 (15)
Systems: How They Didn't Matter and How
They Did
Conclusion to Part 2 The Significance of 206 (3)
Similarities---and of Differences
PART THREE BEYOND SMITH AND MALTHUS: FROM 209 (2)
ECOLOGICAL CONSTRAINTS TO SUSTAINED
INDUSTRIAL GROWTH
FIVE Shared Constraints: Ecological Strain in 211 (53)
Western Europe and East Asia
Deforestation and Soil Depletion in China: 225 (17)
Some Comparisons with Europe
Trading for Resources with Old World 242 (22)
Peripheries: Common Patterns and Limits of
Smithian Solutions to Quasi-Malthusian
Problems
SIX Abolishing the Land Constraint: The 264 (37)
Americas as a New Kind of Periphery
Another New World, Another Windfall: 269 (5)
Precious Metals
Some Measurements of Ecological 274 (5)
Relief-Britain in the Age of the Industrial
Revolution
Comparisons and Calculations: What Do the 279 (2)
Numbers Mean?
Beyond and Besides the Numbers 281 (2)
Into an Industrial World 283 (2)
Last Comparisons: Labor Intensity, 285 (16)
Resources, and Industrial "Growing Up"
Appendix A Comparative Estimates of Land 301 (2)
Transport Capacity per Person: Germany and
North India, circa 1800
Appendix B Estimates of Manure Applied to North 303 (4)
China and European Farms in the Late Eighteenth
Century, and a Comparison of Resulting Nitrogen
Fluxes
Appendix C Forest Cover and Fuel-Supply 307 (6)
Estimates for France, Lingnan, and a Portion of
North China, 1700--1850
Appendix D Estimates of "Ghost Acreage" 313 (3)
Provided by Various Imports to Late Eighteenth-
and Early Nineteenth-Century Britain
Appendix E Estimates of Earning Power of Rural 316 (11)
Textile Workers in the Lower Yangzi Region of
China, 1750--1840
Appendix F Estimates of Cotton and Silk 327 (12)
Production, Lower Yangzi and China as a Whole,
1750 and Later---With Comparisons to United
Kingdom, France, and Germany
Bibliography 339 (34)
Index 373