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書籍詳細




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A War on Global Poverty : The Lost Promise of Redistribution and the Rise of Microcredit

Meyerowitz, Joanne

Princeton Univ Pr 2021/04
311 p. 24 cm   
装丁: Hrd    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: US
ISBN: 9780691206332
KCN: 1039955554
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納期について
DDC: 909
KDC: A515 北米/第二次大戦後〜現在
E132 第三世界・開発研究
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Annotation

This is a history of U.S. involvement in late twentieth-century campaigns against global poverty and how they came to focus on women as entrepreneurs and imagined microcredit - with its tiny loans - as a grassroots solution.

Full Description

A history of US involvement in late twentieth-century campaigns against global poverty and how they came to focus on women A War on Global Poverty provides a fresh account of US involvement in campaigns to end global poverty in the 1970s and 1980s. From the decline of modernization programs to the rise of microcredit, Joanne Meyerowitz looks beyond familiar histories of development and explains why antipoverty programs increasingly focused on women as the deserving poor. When the United States joined the war on global poverty, economists, policymakers, and activists asked how to change a world in which millions lived in need. Moved to the left by socialists, social democrats, and religious humanists, they rejected the notion that economic growth would trickle down to the poor, and they proposed programs to redress inequities between and within nations. In an emerging "women in development" movement, they positioned women as economic actors who could help lift families and nations out of destitution. In the more conservative 1980s, the war on global poverty turned decisively toward market-based projects in the private sector. Development experts and antipoverty advocates recast women as entrepreneurs and imagined microcredit-with its tiny loans-as a grassroots solution. Meyerowitz shows that at the very moment when the overextension of credit left poorer nations bankrupt, loans to impoverished women came to replace more ambitious proposals that aimed at redistribution. Based on a wealth of sources, A War on Global Poverty looks at a critical transformation in antipoverty efforts in the late twentieth century and points to its legacies today.

Table of Contents

List of Abbreviations ix
Introduction: From Modernization to Microcredit 1 (14)
PART I A WAR ON GLOBAL POVERTY
Chapter 1 The Trouble with Foreign Aid 15 (38)
"Assaulted by Waves from Left and Right" 18 (11)
The Challenge of World Poverty 29 (7)
Rejecting Trickle Down 36 (6)
Redistribution? 42 (11)
Chapter 2 Redistribution: South and North 53 (44)
A New International Economic Order? 56 (10)
"To Satisfy, as a Matter of Urgency, the 66 (12)
Basic Needs"
Jimmy Carter's Hunger 78 (7)
An International Tax 85 (12)
PART II HOW WOMEN BECAME THE DESERVING POOR
Chapter 3 Developing Women 97 (43)
Making Women Modern 99 (9)
The Percy Amendment 108(8)
"Was This Yet Another Experiment in 116(7)
Neocolonialism?"
Worldwide WID 123(6)
The Mainstream Appeal 129(11)
Chapter 4 Private Developments 140(43)
Beyond Charity 144(5)
Private WID 149(4)
Poor Women as Entrepreneurs 153(7)
The Reaganomics of Global Poverty 160(10)
WID, WAD, GAD 170(13)
PART III THE MICROCREDIT MOMENT
Chapter 5 Macro Debt and Microcredit 183(38)
Dangerous Debt 184(9)
Promising Credit 193(7)
The Grameen Model 200(8)
Empowering Women? 208(13)
EPILOGUE The Development of Poverty 221(10)
Acknowledgments 231(4)
Notes 235(58)
Index 293