Reviews theoretical, empirical, and applied perspectives relevant to understanding the impact of aging on decision-making.
Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individual's capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being. Aging and Decision Making addresses the specific cognitive and affective processes that account for age-related changes in decision making, targeting interventions to compensate for vulnerabilities and leverage strengths in the aging individual. This book focuses on four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging - neuroscience, behavioral mechanisms, competence models, and applied perspectives. Underscoring that choice is a ubiquitous component of everyday functioning, Aging and Decision Making examines the implications of how we invest our limited social, temporal, psychological, financial, and physical resources, and lays essential groundwork for the design of decision supportive interventions for adaptive aging that take into account individual capacities and context variables.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1 - The Present, Past, and Future of Research on Aging and Decision Making JoNell Strough, Corinna E. Loeckenhoff, Thomas M. Hess Section 1: Neurobiological Mechanisms Chapter 2 - Modeling Cost-Benefit Decision Making in Aged Rodents B. Sofia Beas, Barry Setlow, Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin, Jennifer L. Bizon Chapter 3 - Decision Neuroscience and Aging Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin Chapter 4 - Towards a Mechanistic Understanding of Age-Related Changes in Learning and Decision Making: A Neuro-Computational Approach Ben Eppinger, Rasmus Bruckner Chapter 5 - Age-Associated Executive Dysfunction, the Prefrontal Cortex, and Complex Decision Making Natalie L. Denburg, William M. Hedgcock Section 2: Behavioral Mechanisms Chapter 6 - Adaptive Decision Making and Aging Rui Mata, Anika K. Josef, Patrick Lemaire Chapter 7 - Aging, Memory, and Decision Making Fabio Del Missier, Timo Mantyla, Lars-Goeran Nilsson Chapter 8 - Complementary Contributions of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence to Decision Making Across the Life Span Lisa Zaval, Ye Li, Eric J. Johnson, Elke U. Weber Chapter 9 - Aging, Emotion, and Decision Making Joseph A. Mikels, Michael M. Shuster, Sydney T. Thai Chapter 10 - A Prospect Theory-Based Evaluation of Dual-Process Influences on Aging and Decision Making: Support for a Contextual Perspective Thomas M. Hess Chapter 11 - Age Differences in Time Perception and Their Implications for Decision Making Across the Life Span Corinna E. Loeckenhoff, Joshua L. Rutt Chapter 12 - Understanding Life-Span Developmental Changes in Decision-Making Competence JoNell Strough, Andrew M. Parker, Wandi Bruine de Bruin Section 3: Applied Perspectives Chapter 13 - Decision Making and Health Literacy among Older Adults Daniel Morrow, Jessie Chin Chapter 14 - Decisions and Actions for Life Patterns and Health Practices as We Age: A Bottom-up Approach Howard Leventhal, Jenna Herold, Elaine A. Leventhal, Edith Burns, Michael A. Diefenbach Chapter 15 - Choice and Aging: Less is More Pi-Ju Liu, Stacey Wood, Yaniv Hanoch Chapter 16 - Financial Decision Making across the Adult Life Span: Dynamic Cognitive Capacities and Real-World Competence Douglas A. Hershey, James T. Austin, Helen C. Gutierrez Chapter 17 - Aging and Consume Decision Making Stephanie M. Carpenter, Carolyn Yoon Chapter 18 - A Framework for Decision Making in Couples across Adulthood Tara L. Queen, Cynthia A. Berg, William Lowrance