書籍詳細

書籍詳細




洋書

人間の動物に対する態度の道徳心理学

Subhuman : The Moral Psychology of Human Attitudes to Animals

Kasperbauer, T. J.

Oxford Univ Pr 2018/01
233 p. 22 cm   
装丁: Hrd    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: GB
ISBN: 9780190695811
KCN: 1029018758
紀伊國屋書店 選定タイトル
標準価格:¥4,867(本体 ¥4,507)   
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納期について
DDC: 179.3
KDC: A117 倫理学・道徳哲学
C211 感情・情動
G05 科学史・科学哲学
関連書リスト: SB2941
NB4312
NA5767
書評掲載: Choice Reviews 2018 December
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Annotation

How do we decide what animals deserve and how we ought to treat them? To what extent are our attitudes towards animals embedded in our subconscious and immune to reason? This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to these questions, drawing from research in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, law, history, sociology, economics, and anthropology, to unearth surprising revelations about human relationships with animals.

Full Description

When Harambe, a now-famous gorilla at the Cincinnati zoo, was shot for endangering a small child, animal rights activists protested, calling into question moral reasoning that privileges the possibility of injury to a human over definite violence to an animal. Many others, though less vehement in their objection, voiced the same questions: was the gorilla any worse than the negligent parents? Doesn't Harambe have rights just like you and me? How do we decide what animals deserve and how we ought to treat them? To what extent are our attitudes towards animals embedded in our subconscious and immune to reason? The foundations of our moral attitudes to animals are more complex than many may appreciate. Subhuman takes an interdisciplinary approach to these questions, drawing from research in philosophy, neuroscience, psychology, law, history, sociology, economics, and anthropology, to unearth surprising revelations about human relationships with animals. T.J. Kasperbauer argues provocatively that behind our positive and negative attitudes to animals is an enduring concern that animals pose a threat to our humanness. Namely, our need to ensure animals' inferiority to human beings affects both our kindness and cruelty to animals. Kasperbauer develops this idea by looking at research on the phenomenon of dehumanization, revealing that our attitudes to other humans are predicted and reflected in our treatment of other species. In making his case, Kasperbauer provides a critical survey of leading theories that range over the role of animals in human evolutionary history, the psychology of meat-eating and keeping pets, feelings of fear and disgust toward animals, the use of animal minds to determine their moral status, and the "expanding moral circle" hypothesis. By exploring the psychological obstacles humans face in meeting ethical demands, Kasperbauer sets forth new and fascinating ways of thinking about our moral obligations to animals, and how we might correct them.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction 2. Evolved Attitudes to Animals 3. Dehumanizing Animals 4. Dehumanization and Mentalizing Animals 5. Diagnosing Moral Failures 6. Psychological Plausibility for Animal Ethics 7. Animals and the Expanding Moral Circle 8. Managing Moral Psychology for Animal Ethics Acknowledgements References