Sustainable Tourism : Theory and Practice
Weaver, David B.
With foreword from Eugenio Yunis, the head of the World Tourism Organization's Sustainable Tourism Unit.
Examines the theoretical and applied dimensions of contemporary sustainable tourism from a global perspective. Using international case studies and examples, this title provides coverage of the developments in the area. It takes the reader through the aspects of sustainable tourism from the emergence of the paradigm to sustainability issues.
Table of Contents
Preface; Emergence of Sustainable Tourism: Status of global tourism in 2005; Pattern of geographic expansion; Jafari's platform model; Advocacy platform; Cautionary platform; Adaptancy platform; Knowledge-based platform; Institutionalisation of sustainable tourism; External (non-tourism) institutions; Tourism-related institutions; On the ground: the development of tourism in the Bahamas; Issues in Sustainable Tourism: Flexibility; Weak and strong interpretations; Status quo or enhancement?; Complexity of tourism systems; Minimalist and comprehensive composite models; Sustainable tourism indicators; Bellagio Principles; Pursuing sustainable tourism; On the ground: piloting sustainable tourism indicators in China; Alternative Tourism: History of alternative tourism; Typology of alternative tourism products; Mass conventional and alternative tourism ideal types; Deliberate and circumstantial alternative tourism; Farm-based tourism; Volunteer tourism; Guesthouse tourism; Backpacking; Urban alternative tourism; Education tourism; Potential problems; On the ground: sharing African American heritage in Washington DC; Conventional Mass Tourism: Structure of the formal tourism industry; Ethics; In situ nature of tourism consumption; Emergence of the `green consumer'; Advantages of large economies of scale; On the ground: advocating for sustainable travel at Tourism Concern; The Facilitating Sectors: Travel agencies; Specialised merchandise: guidebooks; Outbound tour operators; Transportation providers; Hospitality providers; On the ground: Implementing sustainability at Grecotel; Attractions: Role of attractions; Theme parks; Casinos; Ski resorts; Golf courses; On the ground: Disney defeated at the third battle of Manassas, Virginia; Quality Control: Quality control; Codes of conduct; Ecolabels; Awards; On the ground: toward sustainable tourism certification in Costa Rica; Tourist Destinations: Destination and place; Destination and community; Broad context model of destination development scenarios; Destination types; Special events; Quality control and destinations; On the ground: tourism options for Australia's Gold Coast; Spatial Strategies: Constrained and enhanced carrying capacity assumptions: Informal backstage/frontstage distinctions: Formal backstage/frontstage distinctions; Land Acquisition; Purchase-of-development rights (PDR) agreements; Trade-offs; Visitor Management: Limits on visitation; Traffic Manipulation; Visitor Education; Safeguarding the Tourist; Grand Canyon National Park case study; Ecotourism: the Conscience of Sustainable Tourism; Conclusions; References; Index