Electoral Reform and National Security in Japan : From Pork to Foreign Policy
Cambridge Univ Pr 2016/02
252 p. 24 cm
New in paperback. Hardcover was published in 2016. Applying new tools for the quantitative analysis of text to a new collection of 7,497 Japanese-language election manifestos used in elections between 1986 and 2009, this book argues that the electoral strategies politicians in the ruling party were forced to adopt under Japan's old electoral system made it extraordinarily difficult for them to focus on security issues and to change security policy.
This book is about the domestic politics of national security in Japan. It uses a mix of qualitative and quantitative approaches to show that Japanese politicians pay more attention to security issues nowadays as a result of the 1994 electoral reform, not because of China or North Korea.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction; 2. Electoral systems, electoral strategies, and national security; 3. Measuring electoral strategies with thousands of candidate election manifestos; 4. Electoral strategies shifted from pork to policy; 5. Electoral strategies shifted to national security; 6. Electoral strategies of opposition focused on policy; 7. Impact on security policy; 8. Conclusion.