書籍詳細

書籍詳細




洋書

実践コーパス言語学入門

Practical Corpus Linguistics : An Introduction to Corpus-Based Language Analysis

Weisser, Martin

Wiley-Blackwell 2016/02
287 p. 26 cm   
装丁: Pap   
版表示など: pap.    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: US
ISBN: 9781118831885
装丁違いISBN: 111883187X
KCN: 1022918920
紀伊國屋書店 選定タイトル
標準価格:¥7,664(本体 ¥6,968)   
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納期について
DDC: 410.188
KDC: B118 コーパス言語学/自然言語処理
関連書リスト: SB2726A 英語学の最前線 2015/2016
SB2805B 認知言語学と心・言語の探究の最前線2016
SB2883 日本英文学会Wiley-Blackwell展示リスト
SB2967F 日本英文学会 第90回大会 Wiley-Blackwell展示リスト
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Annotation

This is the first book of its kind to provide a practical and student-friendly guide to corpus linguistics that explains the nature of electronic data and how it can be collected and analyzed.

Full Description

This is the first book of its kind to provide a practical and student-friendly guide to corpus linguistics that explains the nature of electronic data and how it can be collected and analyzed.
Detailed information

Table of Contents

List of Figures xiii List of Tables xv Acknowledgements xvii 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Linguistic Data Analysis 3 1.1.1 What s data? 3 1.1.2 Forms of data 3 1.1.3 Collecting and analysing data 7 1.2 Outline of the Book 8 1.3 Conventions Used in this Book 10 1.4 A Note for Teachers 11 1.5 Online Resources 11 2 What s Out There? 13 2.1 What s a Corpus? 13 2.2 Corpus Formats 13 2.3 Synchronic vs. Diachronic Corpora 15 2.3.1 Early synchronic corpora 15 2.3.2 Mixed corpora 18 2.3.3 Examples of diachronic corpora 20 2.4 General vs. Specific Corpora 21 2.4.1 Examples of specific corpora 22 2.5 Static Versus Dynamic Corpora 25 2.6 Other Sources for Corpora 26 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 26 Note 28 Sources and Further Reading 28 3 Understanding Corpus Design 29 3.1 Food for Thought General Issues in Corpus Design 29 3.1.1 Sampling 30 3.1.2 Size 31 3.1.3 Balance and representativeness 32 3.1.4 Legal issues 32 3.2 What s in a Text? Understanding Document Structure 33 3.2.1 Headers, footers and meta-data 34 3.2.2 The structure of the (text) body 36 3.2.3 What s (in) an electronic text? understanding file formats and their properties 37 3.3 Understanding Encoding: Character Sets, File Size, etc. 38 3.3.1 ASCII and legacy encodings 38 3.3.2 Unicode 39 3.3.3 File sizes 40 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 41 Sources and Further Reading 42 4 Finding and Preparing Your Data 43 4.1 Finding Suitable Materials for Analysis 44 4.1.1 Retrieving data from text archives 44 4.1.2 Obtaining materials from Project Gutenberg 44 4.1.3 Obtaining materials from the Oxford Text Archive 45 4.2 Collecting Written Materials Yourself ( Web as Corpus ) 46 4.2.1 A brief note on plain-text editors 46 4.2.2 Browser text export 48 4.2.3 Browser HTML export 49 4.2.4 Getting web data using ICEweb 50 4.2.5 Downloading other types of files 52 4.3 Collecting Spoken Data 53 4.4 Preparing Written Data for Analysis 56 4.4.1 Cleaning up your data 56 4.4.2 Extracting text from proprietary document formats 58 4.4.3 Removing unnecessary header and footer information 58 4.4.4 Documenting what you ve collected 59 4.4.5 Preparing your data for distribution or archiving 60 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 62 Sources and Further Reading 66 5 Concordancing 67 5.1 What s Concordancing? 67 5.2 Concordancing with AntConc 69 5.2.1 Sorting results 74 5.2.2 Saving, pruning and reusing your results 75 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 78 Sources and Further Reading 81 6 Regular Expressions 82 6.1 Character Classes 84 6.2 Negative Character Classes 86 6.3 Quantification 86 6.4 Anchoring, Grouping and Alternation 87 6.4.1 Anchoring 87 6.4.2 Grouping and alternation 88 6.4.3 Quoting and using special characters 90 6.4.4 Constraining the context further 91 6.5 Further Exercises 92 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 93 Sources and Further Reading 100 7 Understanding Part-of-Speech Tagging and Its Uses 101 7.1 A Brief Introduction to (Morpho-Syntactic) Tagsets 103 7.2 Tagging Your Own Data 109 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 113 Sources and Further Reading 120 8 Using Online Interfaces to Query Mega Corpora 121 8.1 Searching the BNC with BNCweb 122 8.1.1 What is BNCweb? 122 8.1.2 Basic standard queries 123 8.1.3 Navigating through and exploring search results 124 8.1.4 More advanced standard query options 126 8.1.5 Wildcards 126 8.1.6 Word and phrase alternation 128 8.1.7 Restricting searches through PoS tags 129 8.1.8 Headword and lemma queries 131 8.2 Exploring COCA through the BYU Web-Interface 132 8.2.1 The basic syntax 133 8.2.2 Comparing corpora in the BYU interface 135 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 137 Sources and Further Reading 145 9 Basic Frequency Analysis or What Can (Single) Words Tell Us About Texts? 146 9.1 Understanding Basic Units in Texts 146 9.1.1 What s a word? 147 9.1.2 Types and tokens 149 9.2 Word (Frequency) Lists in AntConc 151 9.2.1 Stop words good or bad? 156 9.2.2 Defining and using stop words in AntConc 158 9.3 Word Lists in BNCweb 160 9.3.1 Standard options 160 9.3.2 Investigating subcorpora 162 9.3.3 Keyword lists 169 9.4 Keyword Lists in AntConc and BNCweb 169 9.4.1 Keyword lists in AntConc 169 9.4.2 Keyword lists in BNCweb 172 9.5 Comparing and Reporting Frequency Counts 175 9.6 Investigating Genre-Specific Distributions in COCA 178 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 179 Sources and Further Reading 192 10 Exploring Words in Context 193 10.1 Understanding Extended Units of Text 194 10.2 Text Segmentation 195 10.3 N-Grams, Word Clusters and Lexical Bundles 196 10.4 Exploring (Relatively) Fixed Sequences in BNCweb 198 10.5 Simple, Sequential Collocations and Colligations 198 10.5.1 Simple collocations 198 10.5.2 Colligations 200 10.5.3 Contextually constrained and proximity searches 201 10.6 Exploring Colligations in COCA 202 10.7 N-grams and Clusters in AntConc 205 10.8 Investigating Collocations Based on Statistical Measures in AntConc, BNCweb and COCA 207 10.8.1 Calculating collocations 207 10.8.2 Computing collocations in AntConc 209 10.8.3 Computing collocations in BNCweb 210 10.8.4 Computing collocations in COCA 211 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 212 Sources and Further Reading 226 11 Understanding Markup and Annotation 227 11.1 From SGML to XML A Brief Timeline 229 11.2 XML for Linguistics 230 11.2.1 Why bother? 230 11.2.2 What does markup/annotation look like? 230 11.2.3 The history and development of (linguistic) markup 232 11.2.4 XML and style sheets 234 11.3 Simple XML for Linguistic Annotation 236 11.4 Colour Coding and Visualisation 240 11.5 More Complex Forms of Annotation 246 Solutions to/Comments on the Exercises 248 Sources and Further Reading 253 12 Conclusion and Further Perspectives 254 Appendix A: The CLAWS C5 Tagset 259 Appendix B: The Annotated Dialogue File 261 Appendix C: The CSS Style Sheet 269 Glossary 271 References 277 Index 283