Harrison, Victoria S.
232 p. maps ; 20 cm.
Including study questions for each chapter, an updated bibliography, a new section on the Yijing and expanded discussion of Indian philosophies and their basis in experience, this second edition has been thoroughly updated.
Eastern Philosophy: The Basics is an essential introduction to major Indian and Chinese philosophies, both past and present. Exploring familiar metaphysical and ethical questions from the perspectives offered by a range of eastern philosophies, including Confucianism, Daoism, the main Buddhist and Hindu philosophical schools, as well as Jainism, this book covers key figures, issues, methods and concepts. Questions discussed include: What is the 'self'? Is human nature inherently good or bad? How is the mind related to the world? How can you live an authentic life? What is the fundamental nature of reality? With timelines highlighting key figures and their contributions, a list of useful websites, pronunciation guides and further reading suggestions, Eastern Philosophy: The Basics provides an engaging overview of fundamental ideas in eastern philosophy. The second edition has been thoroughly revised and updated to take account of the most recent scholarship. It includes study questions for each chapter, an updated bibliography, a new section on the Yijing and expanded discussion of Indian philosophies and their basis in experience. Eastern Philosophy: The Basics is valuable reading for all students of philosophy and religion, especially those seeking to understand eastern thought.
Table of Contents
List of figures and tables Preface to the second edition Acknowledgements Introduction What is 'eastern philosophy'? Philosophy as a cross-cultural phenomenon Philosophical questions Philosophy in India Philosophy in China Terminology and translations The philosopher's dilemma What happens next? Study question References and further reading Chapter 1: Reason Ignorance Argument Debate Knowledge Inference Causation Scepticism Perspectives Logic Summary of Chapter 1 Study questions References and further reading Chapter 2: Reality Origins Existence Monism Dualism Pluralism Experience The nature of things Ultimate reality Summary of Chapter 2 Study questions References and further reading Chapter 3: Persons Self and world Self in the Upanisads Rebirth Karma Freedom Individuals No abiding self Dependent co-arising Liberation Summary of Chapter 3 Study questions References and further reading Chapter 4: Virtue Tradition The Way Virtue and relationships Goodness Rites Self-cultivation Impartial care Human nature Altruism Summary of Chapter 4 Study questions References and further reading Chapter 5: Authenticity Egoism Dao Nature Passivity Opposites Vice Non-action Ways of being Exemplary persons Legalism Summary of Chapter 5 Study questions References and further reading Chapter 6: Mind Words and things Individuals and universals Emptiness and insight Enlightenment Principles The problem of the many and the one Transcendence and immanence Introspection Universal Mind Sageliness Summary of Chapter 6 Study questions References and further reading Conclusion Unexplored terrain Global philosophy References and further reading Appendix 1: Timelines Appendix 2: Websites Appendix 3: Pronunciation Appendix 4: Tones for key Chinese terms and names General Bibliography Index