(New Problems of Philosophy)
322 p. 23 cm
Beginning with a brief history of relativism, the authors use the three headings of framework, conceptual and semantic or 'new' relativism to explore the following important topics: motivating and defining relativism; conceptual relativism; factual relativism; relativism and truth; relativism, knowledge and justification
Relativism, an ancient philosophical doctrine, is once again a topic of heated debate. In this book, Maria Baghramian and Annalisa Coliva present the recent arguments for and against various forms of relativism. The first two chapters introduce the conceptual and historical contours of relativism. These are followed by critical investigations of relativism about truth, conceptual relativism, epistemic relativism, and moral relativism. The concluding chapter asks whether it is possible to make sense of relativism as a philosophical thesis. The book introduces readers to the main types of relativism and the arguments in their favor. It also goes beyond the expository material to engage in more detailed critical responses to the key positions and authors under discussion. Including chapter summaries, suggestions for further reading, and a glossary, Relativism is essential reading for students of philosophy as well as those in related disciplines where relativism is studied, such as anthropology, sociology, and politics.
Table of Contents
Introduction 1. The What and Why of Relativism 2. A Brief History of a Complex Idea 3. Relativizing Truth 4. Relativizing Conceptual Schemes 5. Relativizing the World 6. Relativizing Science 7. Relativizing Justification 8. How to Formulate Epistemic Relativism 9. Relativizing Moral Values 10. Questioning Relativism. Glossary Bibliography