Crime and Criminal Justice : Concepts and Controversies
Mallicoat, Stacy L.
472 p. illustrations ; 28 cm
Provides accessible and comprehensive coverage that encompasses all relevant aspects of the criminal justice system, as well as innovative chapters on victims and criminal justice policy.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments About the Author Part I: Foundations of Criminal Justice Stages of the Criminal Justice System Discretion and Ethics in the Criminal Justice System Chapter 1: Crime and Criminal Justice The Wedding Cake Model of Justice Models of Criminal Justice The Influence of the Media on the Criminal Justice System Current Controversy 1.1: Is Justice Served by Our Criminal Justice System? Current Controversy 1.2: Does Mental Illness Cause Crime? Chapter 2: Concepts of Law and Justice Types of Law Sources of Law Criminal Law Criminal Defenses Current Controversy 2.1: Should Marijuana Be Legalized? Current Controversy 2.2: Should Miranda Warnings Be Abolished? Chapter 3: Defining and Measuring Crime Defining Crime Uniform Crime Reports National Incident-Based Reporting System National Crime Victimization Survey Self-Reported Offending Datasets Current Controversy 3.1: Is White-Collar Crime Harmful to Society? Current Controversy 3.2: Is Burglary a Violent Crime? Chapter 4: Explanations of Criminal Behavior What Is a Theory of Crime? Classical Theories of Crime Biological and Psychological Theories of Crime Sociological Theories of Crime Contemporary Theories of Crime Current Controversy 4.1: Is There a Relationship Between Race and Class and Criminal Behavior? Current Controversy 4.2: Should the Criminal Justice System Treat Female Offenders Differently? Chapter 5: Victims and the Criminal Justice System Victims and Crime Theories of Victimization History of Victims' Rights Victims in the Criminal Justice System Current Controversy 5.1: Should Colleges and Universities Respond to Campus Sexual Assault? Current Controversy 5.2: Is Restorative Justice an Effective Tool for Victims? Chapter 6: Criminal Justice Policy What Is Policy? Why Do We Need Criminal Justice Policies? How do Criminal Justice Policies Develop? Politics and Criminal Justice Policy Research and Criminal Justice Policies Current Controversy 6.1: Are Laws Requiring Sex Offender Registries Effective? Current Controversy 6.2: Is Street-Level Bureaucracy a Good Thing? Part II: Policing Chapter 7: Policing Organizations and Practices A Brief History on Policing Types of Police Organizations Women in Policing Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Policing What Do the Police Do? Strategies and Tactics of Policing Current Controversy 7.1: Is CompStat a Good Policing Strategy? Current Controversy 7.2: Do Mandatory Arrest Policies Help Victims of Domestic and Intimate Partner Violence? Chapter 8: Issues in Policing Policing and the Law Ethical Dilemmas and Corruption Racial Profiling Use of Force Police Legitimacy Police Occupational Stress Current Controversy 8.1: Should Police Agencies Require Officers to Wear Body Cameras? Current Controversy 8.2 Does Police Discretion Help or Harm Our Criminal Justice System? Part III: Courts Chapter 9: Courts and Crime Criminal Versus Civil Courts Jurisdiction and the Courts System Structure of the Courts Courtroom Participants and Their Duties Stages of a Criminal Court Case Current Controversy 9.1: Should Physical Evidence Be Required in Serious Criminal Cases? Current Controversy 9.2: Should We Limit the Use of Plea Bargains? Chapter 10: Punishment and Sentencing Correctional Philosophies Determinate Sentencing Indeterminate Sentencing Mandatory Sentences Capital Punishment Current Controversy 10.1: Do Habitual Sentencing Laws Deter Offenders? Current Controversy 10.2: Is The Risk of Executing Innocent People Acceptably Low? Part IV: Corrections Chapter 11: Prisons and Jails History of Jails and Prisons Jails Types of Prisons Prison Security Levels Issues in Incarceration Legal Rights of Prisoners Correctional Officers Current Controversy 11.1: Should We Use Supermax Prisons to Control Offenders? Current Controversy 11.2: Is Segregating Prison Populations a Good Policy? Chapter 12: Community Corrections Pretrial Release Diversion Probation Intermediate Sanctions Parole Issues in Reentry Current Controversy 12.1: Should We Use Risk/Needs Assessments to Identify Offender Needs? Current Controversy 12.2: Is Parole an Effective Correctional Strategy? Part V: Special Topics in Criminal Justice Chapter 13: Juvenile Justice History of the Juvenile Justice System Structure of the Juvenile Court Demographics of Juvenile Offenders Issues in Juvenile Justice Current Controversy 13.1: Have Zero-Tolerance Policies Made Schools Safer? Current Controversy 13.2: Should the Juvenile Court Be Abolished? Chapter 14: Emerging Issues for the 21st Century Terrorism Homeland Security Drones and the Law Border Control Transnational Crime Current Controversy 14.1: Should Enemy Combatants Be Denied Due Process Rights? Current Controversy 14.2: Does Immigration Impact Crime? Glossary Endnotes Index