書籍詳細

書籍詳細




洋書

渋谷和彦(著)/AI時代のアイデンティティのデジタル変容

Digital Transformation of Identity in the Age of Artificial Intelligence

Shibuya, Kazuhiko

Springer 2020/03
301 p. 13 illus. in color   
装丁: Hrd    装丁について
テキストの言語: ENG    出版国: DE
ISBN: 9789811522475
KCN: 1038733034
紀伊國屋書店 選定タイトル
標準価格:¥15,144(本体 ¥13,768)   
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DDC: 300
KDC: C134 情報社会・インターネット
F890 ネットワーク一般
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Annotation

This book articulates the nature of identity of human beings, based on cutting-edge knowledge in the field of AI and big-data sciences, and discusses identity by drawing on comprehensive investigations in digital social sciences and exploring wider disciplines related to philosophy, ethics, sociology, STS, computer sciences, engineering, and medical sciences.

Full Description

This book examines the digital transformation of identity in the age of artificial intelligence. It articulates the nature of identity of human beings, based on cutting-edge knowledge in the field of AI and big-data sciences, and discusses identity by drawing on comprehensive investigations in digital social sciences and exploring wider disciplines related to philosophy, ethics, sociology, STS, computer sciences, engineering, and medical sciences. Reviewing contemporary conditions proliferated by advanced technological trends and unveiling social mechanisms of human identity, this book appeals to undergraduate and graduate students as well as academic researchers.

Table of Contents

1. Digital Social Science 1.1 What does the advanced Technology mean for human-being? 1.1.1 When AI excesses the Leader of the Primates 1.1.2 Big-data accumulates everything 1.2 The Sign of Latent Risks 1.2.1 How Can We depict a Good Future opened by advanced technologies? 1.2.2 Asilomar Conference on Beneficial AI 1.3 Grounding in the Actuality 1.3.1 Grounding between Technologies and Thought 1.3.2 Brief Historical Perspective of Digital Progress 1.4 What is a Role of digital social science in those contexts? 1.4.1 Definition of Digital Social Science and its Vector 1.4.2 Sociological Taxonomy 1.4.3 Interdisciplinary Taxonomy References 2. Investigating Identity 2.1 Lexical Definitions 2.1.1 From Personality Science 2.1.2 From Sociological Context 2.1.3 AI and Agents 2.2 Preconditions for Identity 2.2.1 Preconditions 2.2.2 Civil Law rules on AI and Robotics in EU 2.3 Identity and its areas in digitized society 2.4 Methodologies for Identity in digitized society References 3. Identity Ambiguity 3.1 Communications with the others 3.1.1 The Self encounters the others 3.1.2 Empathy for the others 3.2 Physical-body contact and Interconnected online contact 3.2.1 A Case: the Question for life 3.2.2 Existence of the Others 3.2.3 Other Existence as Intruder to My Space and Time 3.3 Identity as existence and representation 3.4 Dignity for Human-Being 3.4.1 Difference between Artefact and Human 3.4.1.1 Extensional Artefact of Body 3.4.1.2 Dignity 3.4.2 Barriers against Ethical Misconducts by AI 3.4.3 Trustful AI References 4. Identity Valuation 4.1 Earning Money by Big-Data 4.2 Scoring a value of your life 4.2.1 Your Digitized Scores by the AI 4.2.1.1 Scoring Services 4.2.1.2 On Value 4.2.1.3 Theories on Value 4.2.2 Internalizing the External Moral Standard through Scoring 4.2.2.1 Internalizing Value among Citizens 4.2.2.2 An Example of Social Simulation on Dominant Influence of the Value 4.2.3 Working for the Ethical Rules and Economic Valuation 4.3 Distinction: Random Selection or Modified Life 4.3.1 Genetic Therapy and its Value for Life 4.3.2 Genome Editing and Modification of Life 4.3.3 Sociological Criticisms 4.3.4 Value Chains beyond Family and Individuals 4.4 AI Optimizing Economic Satisfactions for Medical Services 4.5 Regaining Priceless Value of own Identity References 5. Identity Protection 5.1 Identity Management in social context 5.2 What Data Should be protected? 5.2.1 Individual 5.2.1.1 Level 0: Sensibility on somewhat data by physical contacts5.2.1.2 Level 1: Identification data for publicly intercommunications 5.2.1.3 Level 2: Protection as the way for access controls on privacy and sensitive private data 5.2.1.4 Level 3: Guarding private data of each individual by any external attacks in daily living 5.2.1.5 Level 4: Protections for the private rights to manage each physical-body and its parts 5.2.2 Enterprises 5.2.3 Nations 5.2.4 DataBase Management and Data Base Protection 5.3 Information Bank 5.4 Block Chain and Its Distributed Database 5.5 Rule of Conduct for Auhthority in Medical Data 5.6 Risk Management on Identity 5.6.1 Online harms and Reputation Management for each Individual 5.6.2 Identity Theft 5.6.3 Leaking Privacy 5.6.4 Unintentional Usages of Privacy References 6. Identity Proof 6.1 Proving Evidence 6.2 Proving What You Are 6.2.1 Ciphering and Encoding 6.2.2 Signaling 6.2.3 Interactive Zero-Knowledge Proof in depth 6.3 The Monty Hall Problem with Interactive zero-knowledge proof 6.3.1 Procedure 6.3.2 Applicability Online 6.4 Discussion on model References 7. Identity Deception 7.1 Detecting Deceptions 7.2 Dyad Interactions for Anti-Deceptions: A Perspective from difference equations 7.2.1 Anomaly Detection in Interaction 7.2.2 Agent-Based Dyad Interaction 7.2.3 Applying For Deception Detection 7.2.4 Discussion on model 7.3 Social Intelligence against Deceptive Interaction 7.3.1 A Game of Werewolf 7.3.2 Detection vs Deception 7.4 Deception Technology by Generative Adversarial Machine Learning References 8. Social Identification 8.1 Needs of Rethought for Social Identification 8.2 Sociocultural Backgrounds of National Identity 8.3 Uncertainty Reduction in Social Group and Culture 8.3.1 Collectivism and Individualism 8.3.2 Social Uncertainty 8.3.3 Group Identification in Uncertainty 8.3.4 Culture as System and Social Uncertainty 8.4 Self-Consciousness and Identity 8.4.1 Self-Consciousness and Self-Regulation 8.4.2 Shared Group Belief as Identification 8.4.3 Social Trust, Group Identification and Self-Consciousness 8.5 Sharing Place and History for Social Identity 8.6 National Identity and Social media References 9. Collective Identity 9.1 Collective Dynamics and Mobility 9.1.1 Collective Dynamics of Human Behavior 9.1.2 Modality on Human-Behavior 9.1.2.1 A Possibility of Ubiquitous Computation 9.1.2.2 Measuring Dynamics in City 9.3 Modeling Mobility Flow and Dynamics 9.3.1 Geospatial Informatics on Mobility Flow 9.3.2 The law of migration 9.3.3 Mathematical Models of Mobility in Socioeconomic Issues 9.3.4 Gravity Model 9.3.5 Spatial Autocorrelation 9.4 Immigration Dynamics crossing Nations 9.4.1 The World History as Collective Immigration 9.4.2 What is the meaning of 'Arab Spring'? 9.4.3 Migration Crises: As One of the World Affairs 9.5 Simulation of Migration by Deferred Acceptance Algorithm 9.5.1 Basic Scenario 9.5.2 Matching Algorithm 9.5.3 AHP 9.5.4 Exploring the Route by Genetic Algorithm 9.5.5 Running Simulation 9.5.6 Conclusion of Simulation References 10. Networked Identity 10.1 Synchronizing Networked Identities 10.2 Synchronization In Networking 10.2.1 A Moment of Truth against Reality Lost 10.2.2 Social Movement and Collective Protests all over the Worlds 10.2.3 Greater Disaster 10.3 Infuluencers' Power in Social Networking 10.3.1 Social Influences of Power 10.3.2 Power holder and Followers 10.3.3 Algorithm 10.3.3.1 Networked clusters 10.3.3.2 Homophily Model 10.3.3.3 Convergence of Opinions 10.3.3.4 Percolation in Spatial Graph 10.4 Estimating Activities Online 10.4.1 Wireless Sensing System 10.4.2 Image Analysis by Artificial Intelligence 10.4.3 Remote Sensing 10.4.4 Estimation of Online Participants 10.5 An Aspect of National Identity 10.5.1 Emerging Bit-Nation 10.5.2 Digital Transformation against the National Border 10.5.3 Rewiring International Orders References 11. Identity Health 11.1 Digital Society and Health 11.1.1 Addiction Online 11.1.2 Medical Data analysis 11.1.3 A Case of the World Pandemic Flu at 2009 11.1.3.1 The Humankind and Diseases 11.1.3.2 Coincidences between Online and Offline Trends? 11.2 Identity Crisis 11.2.1 Disasters in the Big-Data Age 11.2.2 A Case of Fukushima Disaster 11.2.3 Victims of the Fukushima 11.2.4 Caring for Victims and their Community 11.3 Monitoring Health in Daily Life 11.3.1 Working In Digital Era 11.3.2 Quality of Life 11.4 Therapy for Human By AI 11.4.1 Therapy for Identity in both personal and social level 11.4.2 Theory of Mind: the nature of Understanding myself and the others 11.4.3 Assistance by the AI and Robots References 12. Identity History 12.1 An Insight History on Life and Death 12.2 Reconsidering Life on Historical Perspective 12.2.1 Two Meanings of Time 12.2.2 Evaluating Present Time and Future 12.3 Big-data of 'I' 12.3.1 How does estimate the Data Volume of 'I'? 12.3.2 A Case of the Three Watsons 12.3.3 Sharing each lifelog as Human-History 12.4 Histories in Simulations 12.5 Forensics 12.5.1 Needs for digital forensics for identification 12.5.2 Revealing Original Writer 12.5.3 Archiving Memorials 12.6 Irreversibility 12.6.1 Pandora Box 12.6.2 What If Human-Being gains Immortality 12.6.2.1 Ethics: from the God to the Human-Being 12.6.2.2 Ethical Issues against immortality 12.6.2.3 Devaluation on Life of the Human-Being 12.6.2.4 Prolonged Working Life 12.6.2.5 Ewig Wiederkehren 12.6.3 Precautionary Principle and Imaginations against Potential Problems References 13. General Discussion 13.1 Historical Necessity and Certainty 13.2 Latent Threats of AI 13.2.1 AI Threats 13.2.2 The Cases of Threats by AI 13.2.3 Further points 28113.3 A Coexistence Possibility Theorem and its Limit 13.3.1 Proof 13.3.2 Balance and Equilibrium 13.3.3 National Security and Warfare 13.3.4 Symmetry Breaking between the Humankind and the AI 13.3.5 Barrier against Logical Weakness 13.3.6 Cooperation Beyond The Difference 13.3.6.1 Cooperation Possibility 13.3.6.2 The Significance for Grounding in Practical Solutions 13.3.7 Inequality in Social Welfare and Utility 13.4 Manipulatable Minds 13.4.1 Information Manipulation13.4.2 Emerging Sharp Power 13.4.3 Becoming Citizens as Mercenary by Manipulations of Social Media 13.4.4 Education for Citizens in the Digitized Democratic Society 13.5 Democracy in the Age of AI13.5.1 Democratic Enforcement 13.5.2 A Lone King of the lone Kingdom 13.5.2.1 Why Revolutions matters in the Digital World?13.5.2.2 Social Media 30913.5.2.3 Misleading Signals on Democracy by Social Media against Citizens 13.5.2.4 Lone King: the Projecting Excessive Identity 13.5.2.5 The AI and King 13.5.2.6 Enlightenment 13.6 Working with AI? Either Worked by AI or...? 13.6.1 Working or Learning 13.6.2 Self-Actualization 13.7 Antinomy and Scenario Analysis 13.7.1 Antinomy Analysis on Scenario Based Model 13.7.2 Environmental Factors 13.7.3 China's Demography Control and Technology Progress 13.7.4 AI Tyranny 13.7.5 Game Changer 13.7.6 Sub Specie Aeternitatis13.8 Beyond Singularity References 14. Conclusion References Further Web Sites Further Researches (e.g. Universities, Associations) Appendix An Example of R code on Interactive Dyad Dynamics Index