There are over 1300 active volcanoes worldwide and many more dormant or extinct. Some are developed as tourist destinations; others are not, but have great potential. Mount Fuji in Japan attracts over 100 million visitors per year and has immense cultural and spiritual significance, while a number of volcanic areas in national parks, for example Teide in Spain, Yellowstone in the US, Vesuvius in Italy and Tongariro in New Zealand, attract between one to four million tourists each year. In the last decade the designation of nearly 50 geoparks around the world has highlighted their potential for tourism development.This book provides the first global review and assessment of the sustainable use of active and dormant volcanic and geothermal environments for geotourism. The volcano-based tourism sector is further augmented through a closely linked range of geothermal resources and attractions, such as geysers and hot springs, which are discussed in detail throughout individual chapters covering all key volcanic and geothermal regions around the world. It is shown that volcano and geothermal tourism is a subsection of nature-based geotourism and incorporates a variety of other tourism categories such as adventure tourism, extreme tourism, ecotourism, green tourism, educational tourism, and hot spring tourism. This comprehensive book covers the most important issues of this growing tourism sector whilst incorporating relevant global research, making it an essential resource for all in the field.Includes colour plates.
Table of Contents
Part I: Introduction1. IntroductionPart II: AfricaIntroduction2. Africa's Great Volcanoes of the Albertine Rift Valley3. Volcano Tourism in Ethiopia and the Danakil Rift ZoneCase Study 1: Reunion Island, France - Piton de la Fournaise VolcanoCase Study 2: Cap Verde IslandsCase Study 3: East Africa - Volcanoes, Glaciers and Safari ParksPart III: The AmericasIntroduction4. The Lure of Lava Tubes: Exploring Lava Tube Tourism on the Big Island of Hawai'i5. Geotourism and Public Safety in Volcanic Environments6. The Economics of Volcano Tourism with Special Reference to Montserrat, West Indies 7. Volcano Tourism - Central and South American ExamplesCase Study 4: The Cascades - Connecting Canada and the United StatesCase Study 5: Yellowstone National Park, WyomingCase Study 6: The Galapagos Islands - Volcanoes and WildlifeCase Study 7: Death by Volcanic LazeCase Study 8: Alaska's Volcanoes - The Aleutian Arc and WildernessCase Study 9: Active Volcanoes in Mexico as Tourist DestinationsPart IV: AsiaIntroduction8. The Need for a Planning Framework to Preserve the Wilderness Values of Sibayak Volcano, North Sumatra, Indonesia9. Volcano and Geothermal Tourism in Kyushu, Japan 10. Volcano and Geothermal Tourism in Japan - Examples from Honshu and Hokkaido11. Jeju: South Korea's Premier Island Geotourism Destination12. Volcano Tourism in Iran: Mt. Damavand, the Highest Peak in the Middle East13. Volcano Tourism in the PhilippinesCase Study 10: Challenging Destinations - The World Heritage listed Volcanoes of KamchatkaCase Study 11: Krakatau, Indonesia, a Volcano with a HistoryCase Study 12: Geothermal Attractions and Active Volcanoes in ChinaPart V: EuropeIntroduction14. Emerging Volcano and Geothermal Related Tourism in Iceland15. Volcano Tourism and its influence on the territory of Mount Etna (Italy) - explored with digressions to Stromboli (Italy)16. Under the Volcano - Can sustainable tourism development be balanced with risk management?17. The Auvergne - Centre of Volcanic Tourism in France18. Volcanic Geotourism in West Coast ScotlandCase Study 13: The Azores - Volcanic Islands in the AtlanticCase Study 14: The Canary Islands - Volcanic World Heritage of SpainCase Study 15: Greece - Currently Dormant VolcanicIslandsCase Study 16: The Vulkaneifel - A Tourist Destination with a long HistoryPart VI: OceaniaIntroduction19. The Volcanoes of New Zealand20. Volcano Tourism in the new Kanawinka Global Geopark of Victoria and SE South Australia21. Volcanic Landforms as Tourist Attractions in Australian National Parks and other Protected AreasCase Study 17: Vanuatu - Active Volcanism in the PacificCase Study 18: Geothermal Parks in New ZealandCase Study 19: Deception Island - Hot Times on a Chilly Continent Part VII22. ConclusionAppendices: 1. An Overview of Recent Volcanic Activity Worldwide2. Major Volcanoes Worldwide3. Hazard Map and Fact Sheet Template4. Useful Websites