電子書籍詳細

電子書籍詳細


洋書 kinoppy

加齢と意思決定:実証的・応用的考察

Aging and Decision Making : Empirical and Applied Perspectives

Hess, Thomas M. (EDT)   Strough, JoNell (EDT)   Löckenhoff, Corinna (EDT)

Academic Press 2015/02
432p.
出版国: US
ISBN: 9780124171480
eISBN: 9780124171558
KNPID: EY00062729
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Full Description

Decisions large and small play a fundamental role in shaping life course trajectories of health and well-being: decisions draw upon an individual's capacity for self-regulation and self-control, their ability to keep long-term goals in mind, and their willingness to place appropriate value on their future well-being.  Aging and Decision Making addresses the specific cognitive and affective processes that account for age-related changes in decision making, targeting interventions to compensate for vulnerabilities and leverage strengths in the aging individual.

This book focuses on four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging - neuroscience, behavioral mechanisms, competence models, and applied perspectives.  Underscoring that choice is a ubiquitous component of everyday functioning, Aging and Decision Making examines the implications of how we invest our limited social, temporal, psychological, financial, and physical resources, and lays essential groundwork for the design of decision supportive interventions for adaptive aging that take into account individual capacities and context variables.

  • Divided into four dominant approaches that characterize the current state of decision-making science and aging neuroscience
  • Explores the impact of aging on the linkages between cortical structures/functions and the behavioral indices of decision-making
  • Examines the themes associated with behavioral approaches that attempt integrations of methods, models, and theories of general decision-making with those derived from the study of aging
  • Details the changes in underlying competencies in later life and the two prevailing themes that have emerged—one, the general individual differences perspective, and two, a more clinical focus

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – The Present, Past, and Future of Research on Aging and Decision Making

JoNell Strough, Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Thomas M. Hess

Section 1: Neurobiological Mechanisms

Chapter 2 – Modeling Cost-Benefit Decision Making in Aged Rodents

B. Sofia Beas, Barry Setlow, Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin, Jennifer L. Bizon

Chapter 3 – Decision Neuroscience and Aging

Gregory R. Samanez-Larkin

Chapter 4 – Towards a Mechanistic Understanding of Age-Related Changes in Learning and Decision Making: A Neuro-Computational Approach

Ben Eppinger, Rasmus Bruckner

Chapter 5 – Age-Associated Executive Dysfunction, the Prefrontal Cortex, and Complex Decision Making

Natalie L. Denburg, William M. Hedgcock

Section 2: Behavioral Mechanisms

Chapter 6 – Adaptive Decision Making and Aging

Rui Mata, Anika K. Josef, Patrick Lemaire

Chapter 7 - Aging, Memory, and Decision Making

Fabio Del Missier, Timo Mäntylä, Lars-Göran Nilsson

Chapter 8 – Complementary Contributions of Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence to Decision Making Across the Life Span

Lisa Zaval, Ye Li, Eric J. Johnson, Elke U. Weber

Chapter 9 – Aging, Emotion, and Decision Making

Joseph A. Mikels, Michael M. Shuster, Sydney T. Thai

Chapter 10 – A Prospect Theory-Based Evaluation of Dual-Process Influences on Aging and Decision Making: Support for a Contextual Perspective

Thomas M. Hess

Chapter 11 – Age Differences in Time Perception and Their Implications for Decision Making Across the Life Span

Corinna E. Löckenhoff, Joshua L. Rutt

Chapter 12 – Understanding Life-Span Developmental Changes in Decision-Making Competence

JoNell Strough, Andrew M. Parker, Wändi Bruine de Bruin

Section 3: Applied Perspectives

Chapter 13 – Decision Making and Health Literacy among Older Adults

Daniel Morrow, Jessie Chin

Chapter 14 – Decisions and Actions for Life Patterns and Health Practices as We Age: A Bottom-up Approach

Howard Leventhal, Jenna Herold, Elaine A. Leventhal, Edith Burns, Michael A. Diefenbach

Chapter 15 – Choice and Aging: Less is More

Pi-Ju Liu, Stacey Wood, Yaniv Hanoch

Chapter 16 – Financial Decision Making across the Adult Life Span: Dynamic Cognitive Capacities and Real-World Competence

Douglas A. Hershey, James T. Austin, Helen C. Gutierrez

Chapter 17 – Aging and Consume Decision Making

Stephanie M. Carpenter, Carolyn Yoon

Chapter 18 – A Framework for Decision Making in Couples across Adulthood

Tara L. Queen, Cynthia A. Berg, William Lowrance