Neuroeconomics : Decision Making and the Brain
Glimcher, Paul W. (EDT)
Fehr, Ernst (EDT)
In the years since it first published, Neuroeconomics: Decision Making and the Brain has become the standard reference and textbook in the burgeoning field of neuroeconomics. The second edition, a nearly complete revision of this landmark book, will set a new standard. This new edition features five sections designed to serve as both classroom-friendly introductions to each of the major subareas in neuroeconomics, and as advanced synopses of all that has been accomplished in the last two decades in this rapidly expanding academic discipline. The first of these sections provides useful introductions to the disciplines of microeconomics, the psychology of judgment and decision, computational neuroscience, and anthropology for scholars and students seeking interdisciplinary breadth. The second section provides an overview of how human and animal preferences are represented in the mammalian nervous systems. Chapters on risk, time preferences, social preferences, emotion, pharmacology, and common neural currencies—each written by leading experts—lay out the foundations of neuroeconomic thought. The third section contains both overview and in-depth chapters on the fundamentals of reinforcement learning, value learning, and value representation. The fourth section, “The Neural Mechanisms for Choice, integrates what is known about the decision-making architecture into state-of-the-art models of how we make choices. The final section embeds these mechanisms in a larger social context, showing how these mechanisms function during social decision-making in both humans and animals. The book provides a historically rich exposition in each of its chapters and emphasizes both the accomplishments and the controversies in the field. A clear explanatory style and a single expository voice characterize all chapters, making core issues in economics, psychology, and neuroscience accessible to scholars from all disciplines. The volume is essential reading for anyone interested in neuroeconomics in particular or decision making in general.
ForewordIntroductionSection 1: The Fundamental Tools of Neuroeconomics1. Basic Methods from Neoclassical Economics2. Experimental Economics and Experimental Game Theory3. Computational Models of Decision-Making from Psychology and Behavioral Economics4. Estimation and Testing of Computational Models5. Computational Neuroscience6. Experimental Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience7. The Economics of Non-Human PrimatesSection 2: Risk, Time, Social and Emotional Preferences8. Computation of value in simple choices9. Valuation for Risky and Uncertain Choices10. Valuation, Intertemporal Choice and Self Control11. Neuroeconomics of Social Preferences12. The Study of Emotion in Decision Making13. Valuation and Common Neural Currencies14. The pharmacology of economic and social decision-makingSection 3: Learning and Valuation15. Value Learning through Reinforcement: The Basics of Dopamine and RL16. Advanced Issues in Reinforcement Learning17. The Basal Ganglia, Reinforcement Learning and The Encoding of Value18. From Experienced Utility to Decision UtilitySection 4: The Neural Mechanisms for Choice19. Neural Mechanisms for Perceptual Decision-Making20. Value-based Decision-Making21. Multiple Systems for Valuation and Choice22. Integrating Benefits and Costs in Decision-Making23. Dynamic Neuronal Models of Choice24. Reference Dependent Values and NormalizationSection 5: Brain Circuitry of Social Valuation and Social Choice25. The Brain Circuity for Strategic Interactions26. The Brain Circuity for social decision-making in non-human primates27. Understanding Others: Brain Mechanisms of Theory of Mind and EmpathyEpilogue: Summary, Conclusions, and PrognosticationsAppendix: Using Prospect Theory