電子書籍詳細

電子書籍詳細


洋書 kinoppy

家族の社会学:変化、継続と多様性

Sociology of Families : Change, Continuity, and Diversity

Ciabattari, Teresa

SAGE Publications, Inc 2016/08
272p.
出版国: US
ISBN: 9781483379029
eISBN: 9781483379043
KNPID: EY00112220
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Full Description

The family patterns seen in recent decades—cohabitation, divorce, nonmarital childbearing, same-sex marriage and childrearing—can seem like radical changes from the past. But upon closer examination, many are consistent with broader trends that have been going on for centuries. Sociology of Families: Change, Continuity, and Diversity considers this tension between change and continuity, situating families in a social, historical, and economic context, and emphasizing how these contexts create family diversity and inequality. By incorporating diverse family structures into each chapter, author Teresa Ciabattari has written a text that challenges idealized assumptions about how families should be, and instead explores the complex realities of how families actually are.

Table of Contents

About the Author
Preface
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1- Introduction
Family Change, Family Continuity
Family Diversity and Inequality
Sociological Perspective on Families
Applying the Sociological Perspective: The Standard North American Family and the Ideology of Separate Spheres
Understanding Contemporary Families
A Demographic Snapshot of the U.S. Population
Looking Ahead
Main Ideas
Chapter 2- Defining Family
Defining Family: Four Approaches
1. Family as Structure
2. Family as Household
3. Family Roles
4. Family as Interaction: Doing Family
Defining Family: A Summary
How Americans Define Family
Extended Families
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Defining Families
Main Ideas
Chapter 3- Sociological Methods and Theories in the Study of Families
Scientific Method
Micro and Macro Approaches to Studying Families
Research Methods
Theoretical Frameworks in the Sociology of Families
Structural-Functionalism
Conflict Theory
Symbolic Interactionism
Feminist Theories
Social Exchange Theory
Life Course Theory
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Family Methods and Theories
Main Ideas
Chapter 4- Young Adults and the Transition to Adulthood
Defining the Transition to Adulthood
Transition to Adulthood in Historical Context
Transition to Adulthood in the Early 21st Century
Economic Uncertainty and Higher Education
Changing Patterns of Family Formation
Changing Relationships With Parents
Young Adult Sexuality and Romantic Partnerships
Dating in Historical Context
Decline of Dating and the Rise of Hookup Culture
Sexual Debut
Hooking Up
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in the Transition to Adulthood
Main Ideas
Chapter 5- Marriage and Cohabitation
Marriage and Divorce in Historical Context
Institutional Marriage
Companionate Marriage
Individualized Marriage
Contemporary Coupling
Cohabitation
Nonmarital Fertility
Same-Sex Marriage
Marriage Markets
Marriage, Cohabitation, and Education
Marriage, Cohabitation, and Race-Ethnicity
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Marriage and Cohabitation
Main Ideas
Chapter 6- Divorce and Relationship Dissolution
Rising—and Declining—Divorce
Demography of Divorce
The Process of Uncoupling
Legal Divorce
Parental Divorce
Financial Divorce
Emotional and Social Divorce
Relationship Dissolution and Children
Relationship Dissolution Among Unmarried Parents
Supporting Children When Parents Break Up
Economic Support
Reducing Conflict
Effective Parenting
Relationships With Fathers
Fewer Transitions
Remarriage and Blended Families
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Divorce and Relationship Dissolution
Main Ideas
Chapter 7- Parents and Children
Children and Parents in Historical Context
Childhood: Economically Useful to Emotionally Priceless
Fatherhood: Moral Overseer to Breadwinner
Motherhood: Productivity to Domesticity
Issues in Contemporary Childrearing
Demographic Patterns in Fertility
Time With Children
Parenting as a Gendered Practice
Parenting Ideologies and Social Class
Immigrant and Transnational Parenting
Gay and Lesbian Parenting
Opting Out of Parenthood
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Parenting and Childhood
Main Ideas
Chapter 8- Family Work
Ideology of Separate Spheres
Defining Care Work
Empirical Patterns of Employment, Housework, and Childcare
Women’s Employment Before 1950
Women’s and Men’s Employment Since 1950
Housework
Macro-Level Perspectives on Housework
Childcare
Work–Family Conflict and Social Policy
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in Family Work
Main Ideas
Chapter 9- Family Lives of Older Adults
Defining Old Age
Demographic Context
Romantic Relationships Among Older Adults
Grandparenting
Grandparents as Caregivers
Intergenerational Solidarity and Ambivalence
Intergenerational Exchanges
Parents Helping Adult Children
Adult Children Helping Parents
Ambivalence, Individualism, and Intergenerational Support
Family Complexity and Aging Families
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in the Family Lives of Older Adults
Main Ideas
Chapter 10- Social Policy and the Future of Families
Defining Family
Family Change
Family Continuity
Family Diversity, Inequality, and Social Policy
Housing Policy and Family Inequality
State Welfare Policy and Family Inequality
Future of American Families
Economic Inequality and the Growing Class Divide in Families
Immigration, Race-Ethnicity, and Family Ties
Unfinished Revolution in Gender and Sexuality
Change, Continuity, and Diversity in American Families
Main Ideas
Glossary
References
Index