"Everything you know about Indians is wrong." As the provocative title of Paul Chaat Smith's 2009 book proclaims, everyone knows about Native Americans, but most of what they know is the fruit of stereotypes and vague images. The real people, real communities, and real events of indigenous America continue to elude most people. The Oxford Handbook of American Indian History confronts this erroneous view by presenting an accurate and comprehensive history of the indigenous peoples who lived-and live-in the territory that became the United States.Thirty-two leading experts, both Native and non-Native, describe the historical developments of the past 500 years in American Indian history, focusing on significant moments of upheaval and change, histories of indigenous occupation, and overviews of Indian community life. The first section of the book charts Indian history from before 1492 to European invasions and settlement, analyzing US expansion and its consequences for Indian survival up to the twenty-first century. A second group of essays consists of regional and tribal histories. The final section illuminates distinctive themes of Indian life, including gender, sexuality and family, spirituality, art, intellectual history, education, public welfare, legal issues, and urban experiences. A much-needed and eye-opening account of American Indians, this Handbook unveils the real history often hidden behind wrong assumptions, offering stimulating ideas and resources for new generations to pursue research on this topic.
Table of Contents
ContentsList of mapsList of contributorsIntroductionPart One: Major Chapters in the Native American Past1. America in 1492 (Cameron B. Wesson)2. European Invasions and Early Settlement, 1500-1680 (Robbie Ethridge)3. Living in a Reordered World, 1680-1763 (Kathleen DuVal)4. The Age of Imperial Expansion, 1763-1821 (Claudio Saunt)5. U.S. Expansion and its Consequences, 1815-1890 (John P. Bowes)6. Surviving the 20th Century, 1890-1960 (Paul C. Rosier)7. The Indian Renaissance, 1960-2000: Stumbling to Victory, or Anecdotes of Persistence? (Robert Warrior)8. Contemporary History: Native America in the Twenty-First Century (Paul DeMain)Part Two: Regional and Tribal Histories9. The Great Lakes (Jill Doerfler and Erik Redix)10. Iroquoia (Timothy J. Shannon)11. The Southwest (James F. Brooks)12. The Plains (Jeffrey Ostler)13. The Pacific Northwest (Andrew H. Fisher)14. California (William J. Bauer, Jr.)15. Alaska (Rosita Kaaháni Worl)16. The South (Christina Snyder)17. The Atlantic Northeast (Neal Salisbury)18. Indian Territory and Oklahoma (Troy D. Smith)19. The Great Basin (Gregory E. Smoak)Part Three: Big Themes20. Gender, Sexuality, and Family History: Naynaabeak's Fishing Net (Brenda J. Child)21. Population, Health and Public Welfare (David Jones)22. Spirituality (David Delgado Shorter)23. Native American Expressive Arts (Anya Montiel)24. Collectors and Museums: From Cabinets of Curiosities to Indigenous Cultural Centers (Scott Manning Stevens)25. Indians in the Marketplace (Alexandra Harmon)26. Intellectual History (Lisa Brooks)27. Treaties and Treaty Making (Colin G. Calloway)28. Urban Native Histories (Coll Thrush)29. American Indians in Popular Culture (Dustin Tahmahkera)30. American Indians in World History (Michael Witgen)Index