The North American Arctic was one of the last regions on Earth to be settled by humans, due to its extreme climate, limited range of resources, and remoteness from populated areas. Despite these factors, it holds a complex and lengthy history relating to Inuit, Iñupiat, Inuvialuit, Yup'ik and Aleut peoples and their ancestors. The artifacts, dwellings, and food remains of these ancient peoples are remarkably well-preserved due to cold temperatures and permafrost, allowing archaeologists to reconstruct their lifeways with great accuracy. Furthermore, the combination of modern Elders' traditional knowledge with the region's high resolution ethnographic record allows past peoples' lives to be reconstructed to a level simply not possible elsewhere. Combined, these factors yield an archaeological record of global significance--the Arctic provides ideal case studies relating to issues as diverse as the impacts of climate change on human societies, the complex process of interaction between indigenous peoples and Europeans, and the dynamic relationships between environment, economy, social organization, and ideology in hunter-gatherer societies.In the The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric Arctic, each arctic cultural tradition is described in detail, with up-to-date coverage of recent interpretations of all aspects of their lifeways. Additional chapters cover broad themes applicable to the full range of arctic cultures, such as trade, stone tool technology, ancient DNA research, and the relationship between archaeology and modern arctic communities. The resulting volume, written by the region's leading researchers, contains by far the most comprehensive coverage of arctic archaeology ever assembled.
Table of Contents
The Oxford Handbook of the Prehistoric ArcticEdited by T. Max Friesen and Owen K. MasonArchaeology of the North American Arctic: IntroductionELT. Max Friesen and Owen K. MasonCross-Cutting ThemesMolecular Genetic Evidence for the Origins of North American PopulationsELRohina C. Rubicz and Michael H. CrawfordAncient DNA and Stable Isotopes: Windows on Arctic PrehistoryELJustin Tackney, Joan Coltrain, Jennifer Raff, and Dennis O'RourkeZooarchaeology and the Reconstruction of Ancient Human-Animal Relationships in the ArcticELMatthew W. BettsA Critical Resource: Wood Use and Technology in the North American ArcticELClaire AlixArchaeological Evidence for Transport, Trade and Exchange in the North American ArcticELJeffrey T. RasicPalaeoeskimo Lithic TechnologyELPierre M. Desrosiers and Mikkel SørensenArctic ArchaeometallurgyELH. Kory CooperArchaeology and Native Northerners: The Rise of Community-Based Practice Across the North American ArcticELNatasha LyonsWestern ArcticFirst Traces: Late Pleistocene Human Settlement of the ArcticELTed Goebel and Ben A. PotterThe Origins and Development of Arctic Maritime Adaptations in the Pacific SubarcticELBen FitzhughFirst Maritime Cultures of the AleutiansELRichard Davis, Richard Knecht, and Jason RogersMaritime Economies of the Central Gulf of Alaska after 4,000 BPELAmy Steffian, Patrick Saltonstall, and Linda Finn YarboroughArchaeology of the Eastern Aleut RegionELHerbert D. G. MaschnerThe Denbigh Flint Complex of Northern AlaskaELAndrew H. Tremayne and Jeffrey T. RasicThe Enigmatic Choris and Old Whaling Cultures of the Western ArcticELChristyann M. Darwent and John DarwentNorton Hunters and Fisherfolk of Southern AlaskaELDon E. DumondThe Old Bering Sea Florescence about Bering StraitELOwen K. MasonFrom the Norton Culture to the Ipiutak Cult in northwest AlaskaELOwen K. MasonAncient Eskimo Cultures of ChukotkaELMikhail M. Bronshtein, Kirill A. Dneprovsky, and Arkady B. SavinetskyThule Origins in the Old Bering Sea culture: The Inter-relationship of Punuk and Birnirk culturesELOwen K. MasonArchaeology of the Late Western Thule/Inupiat in North Alaska (AD 1300-1750)ELAnne M. JensenHolocene Prehistory of the Northwestern SubarcticELBen A. PotterThe Precontact History of Subarctic Northwest CanadaELGlen MacKay and Thomas D. AndrewsDevelopment of Mackenzie Inuit CultureELCharles ArnoldThe Aleutian Tradition: The Last 4000 yearsELDebra Corbett and Michael YarboroughContact and Post-Contact Iñupiat EthnohistoryELAnne M. Jensen and Glenn W. SheehanEastern ArcticReconstructing Middle and Late Holocene Paleoclimates of the Eastern Arctic and GreenlandELSarah A. FinkelsteinPan-Arctic Population Movements: The Early Paleo-Inuit and Thule Inuit MigrationsELT. Max FriesenPre-Dorset cultureELS. Brooke Milne and Robert W. ParkIndependence I and Saqqaq: The First GreenlandersELBjarne GrønnowGreenlandic DorsetELJens Fog JensenThe 'Dorset Problem' Revisited - the Transitional and Early and Middle Dorset Periods in the Eastern ArcticELKaren RyanLate DorsetELMartin Appelt, Eric Damkjar, and T. Max FriesenThe Dorset-Thule TransitionELRobert W. ParkClassic Thule [Classic Precontact Inuit]ELPeter WhitridgeLabrador Inuit: thriving on the periphery of the Inuit worldELSusan A. Kaplan and James M. WoollettDevelopment of Polar Inughuit Culture in the Smith Sound RegionELGenevieve M. LeMoine and Christyann M. DarwentInuit-European Interactions in GreenlandELHans Christian GulløvThule-Inuit succession in the Central ArcticELPeter DawsonArchaeology of the Inuit of Southern Labrador and the Quebec Lower North ShoreELWilliam W. Fitzhugh