This handbook provides both an overview of state-of-the-art scholarship in philosophy of science, as well as a guide to new directions in the discipline. Section I contains broad overviews of the main lines of research and the state of established knowledge in six principal areas of the discipline, including computational, physical, biological, psychological and social sciences, as well as general philosophy of science. Section II covers what are considered to be the traditional topics in the philosophy of science, such as causation, probability, models, ethics and values, and explanation. Section III identifies new areas of investigation that show promise of becoming important areas of research, including the philosophy of astronomy and astrophysics, data, complexity theory, neuroscience, simulations, post-Kuhnian philosophy, post-empiricist epistemology, and emergence. Most chapters are accessible to scientifically educated non-philosophers as well as to professional philosophers, and the contributors - all leading researchers in their field -- bring diverse perspectives from the North American, European, and Australasian research communities. This volume is an essential resource for scholars and students.
Table of Contents
Contributors1. Introduction: New Directions in Philosophy of Science Paul HumphreysPart I: Overviews2. Advertisement for the Philosophy of the Computational Sciences Oron Shagrir3. Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Naturalism and Anti-naturalism in the Philosophy of Social Science Francesco Guala4. Philosophy of Biology Ben Fraser and Kim Sterelny 5. Philosophy of the Psychological and Cognitive Sciences Mark Sprevak6. Philosophy of the Physical Sciences Carl Hoefer and Chris Smeenk7. Having Science in View: General Philosophy of Science and its Significance Stathis PsillosPart II: Traditional Topics8. Causation in Science James Woodward9. Confirmation and Induction Jan Sprenger10. Determinism and Indeterminism Charlotte Werndl11. Epistemology and Philosophy of Science Otávio Bueno12. Ethics in Science David B. Resnik13. Experiment Uljana Feest and Friedrich Steinle14. Game Theory Cristina Bicchieri and Giacomo Sillari15. Instrumentalism: Global, Local, and Scientific P. Kyle Stanford16. Laws of Nature John T. Roberts17. Metaphysics in Science Richard Healey18. Models and Theories Margaret Morrison19. Natural Kinds Muhammad Ali Khalidi20. Probability Antony Eagle21. Representation in Science Mauricio Suárez 22. Reduction Andreas Hüttemann and Alan C. Love23. Science and Non-Science Sven Ove Hansson24. Scientific Concepts Hyundeuk Cheon and Edouard Machery25. Scientific Explanation Bradford Skow26. Scientific Progress Alexander Bird27. Scientific Realism Timothy D. Lyons28. Scientific Theories Hans Halvorson29. Values in Science Heather DouglasPart III: New Directions30. After Kuhn Philip Kitcher31. Astronomy and Astrophysics Sybille Anderl32. Challenges to Evolutionary Theory Denis Walsh33. Complexity Theory Michael Strevens34. Computer Simulation Johannes Lenhard35. Data Aidan Lyon36. Emergence Paul Humphreys37. Empiricism and After Jim Bogen38. Mechanisms and Mechanical Philosophy Stuart Glennan39. Philosophy and Cosmology Claus Beisbart40. Philosophy of Neuroscience Adina L. Roskies and Carl F. Craver41. Social Organization of Science Martin Carrier42. Spaces Dean Rickles