We live during a crucial period of human history on Earth. Anthropogenic environmental changes are occurring on global scales at unprecedented rates. Despite a long history of environmental intervention, never before has the collective impact of human behaviors threatened all of the major bio-systems on the planet. Decisions we make today will have significant consequences for the basic conditions of all life into the indefinite future. What should we do? How should we behave? In what ways ought we organize and respond? The future of the world as we know it depends on our actions today.A cutting-edge introduction to environmental ethics in a time of dramatic global environmental change, this collection contains forty-five newly commissioned articles, with contributions from well-established experts and emerging voices in the field. Chapters are arranged in topical sections: social contexts (history, science, economics, law, and the Anthropocene), who or what is of value (humanity, conscious animals, living individuals, and wild nature), the nature of value (truth and goodness, practical reasons, hermeneutics, phenomenology, and aesthetics), how things ought to matter (consequences, duty and obligation, character traits, caring for others, and the sacred), essential concepts (responsibility, justice, gender, rights, ecological space, risk and precaution, citizenship, future generations, and sustainability), key issues (pollution, population, energy, food, water, mass extinction, technology, and ecosystem management), climate change (mitigation, adaptation, diplomacy, and geoengineering), and social change (conflict, pragmatism, sacrifice, and action). Each chapter explains the role played by central theories, ideas, issues, and concepts in contemporary environmental ethics, and their relevance for the challenges of the future.
Table of Contents
The Contributors1. Introducing Contemporary Environmental Ethics Allen Thompson and Stephen M. GardinerPart I. Context: Broad social contexts in which we find ourselves2. A History of Environmental Ethics Jason Kawall3. Environmental Science: Empirical Claims in Environmental Ethics Wendy Parker4. Markets, Ethics, and Environment John O'Neill5. Law, Governance, and the Ecological Ethos Daniel Butt6. The Anthropocene! Beyond the Natural?? Holmes Rolston, IIIPart II. Subjects of Value: What ought to count morally and how7. Anthropocentrism: Humanity as Peril and Promise Allen Thompson8. Conscious Animals and the Value of Experience Lori Gruen9. Living Individuals: Biocentrism in Environmental Ethics Clare Palmer10. How Ecological Collectives are Morally Considerable J. Baird Callicott11. Valuing Wild Nature Philip CafaroPart III. Nature of Value: The meaning of value and normative claims 12. Truth and Goodness: Metaethics in Environmental Ethics Katie McShane13. Practical Reasons and Environmental Commitment Alan Holland14. Environmental Hermeneutics and the Meaning of Nature Martin Drenthen15. Phenomenology and Environmental Ethics Ted Toadvine16. Aesthetic Value, Nature, and Environment Emily BradyPart IV. How Things Matter: Theoretical perspectives on the way we ought to act17. Consequentialism in Environmental Ethics Avram Hiller18. Rights, Rules, and Respect for Nature Benjamin Hale19. Environmental Virtue Ethics: Value, Normativity, and Right Action Ronald Sandler20. Ethics of Caring in Environmental Ethics: Indigenous and Feminist PhilosophiesKyle Powys Whyte and Chris Cuomo21. The Sacred, Reverence for Life, and Environmental Ethics in America Bron TaylorPart V. Key Concepts: Tools for framing and addressing problems22. Individual and Contributory Responsibility for Environmental Harm Kenneth Shockley23. Justice on One Planet Derek Bell24. Sexual Politics in Environmental Ethics: Impacts, Causes, Alternatives Chris Cuomo25. Human Rights and the Environment Steve Vanderheiden26. Ecological Space: The Concept and Its Ethical Significance Tim Hayward27. Risk and Precaution in Decision Making about Nature Jonathan Aldred28. Citizenship and (Un)Sustainability: A Green Republican Perspective John Barry29. Future Generations in Environmental Ethics John Nolt30. Sustainability as the Multigenerational Public Interest Bryan G. NortonPart VI. Central Issues: Specific areas of environmental concern31. The Ethics of Environmental Pollution Kevin Elliott32. Population and Environment : The Impossible, the Impermissible, and the Imperative Elizabeth Cripps33. Ethical Energy Choices Kristin Shrader- Frechette34. Narratives of Food, Agriculture, and the Environment David Kaplan35. Water Ethics: Toward Ecological Cooperation Angela Kallhoff36. Anthropogenic Mass Extinction: The Science, the Ethics, and the CivicsJeremy David Bendik- Keymer and Chris Haufe37. Philosophy of Technology and the Environment Paul B. Thompson38. The Ethics of Ecosystem Management Marion HourdequinPart VII. Climate Change: The defining environmental problem of our time39. Mitigation: First Imperative of Environmental Ethics Henry Shue40. Ethics and Climate Adaptation Clare Heyward41. Climate Diplomacy Andrew Light42. Geoengineering: Ethical Questions for Deliberate Climate Manipulators Stephen M. GardinerPart VIII. Social Change: Doing what we ought to do43. Environmental Conflict David Schmidtz44. Environmental Ethics, Sustainability Science, and the Recovery of Pragmatism Ben A. Minteer45. Sacrifice and the Possibilities for Environmental Action John M. Meyer46. From Environmental Ethics to Environmental Action Avner de ShalitIndex