As recent headlines reveal, conflicts and debates around the world increasingly involve secularism. National borders and traditional religions cannot keep people in tidy boxes as political struggles, doctrinal divergences, and demographic trends are sweeping across regions and entire continents. And secularity is increasing in society, with a growing number of people in many regions having no religious affiliation or lacking interest in religion. Simultaneously, there is a resurgence of religious participation in the politics of many countries. How might these diverse phenomena be better understood? Long-reigning theories about the pace of secularization and ideal church-state relations are under invigorated scrutiny by scholars studying secularism with new questions, better data, and fresh perspectives.The Oxford Handbook of Secularism offers a wide-ranging and in-depth examination of this global conversation, bringing together the views of an international collection of prominent experts in their respective fields. This is the essential volume for comprehending the core issues and methodological approaches to the demographics and sociology of secularity; the history and variety of political secularisms; the comparison of constitutional secularisms across many countries from America to Asia; the key problems now convulsing church-state relations; the intersections of liberalism, multiculturalism, and religion; the latest psychological research into secular lives and lifestyles; and the naturalistic and humanistic worldviews available to nonreligious people.
Table of Contents
ContributorsIntroduction: The Study of SecularismPhil Zuckerman and John R. ShookPart One: Identifying the Secular, Secularity, Secularization, and Secularism 1. Identifying (with) the SecularJohannes Quack2. Religious/Non-Religious Demography and Religion v. Science: A Global PerspectiveAriela Keysar3. Secularization and its ConsequencesSteve Bruce4. The Imagined War between Secularism and ReligionMark Juergensmeyer5. Political SecularismJacques Berlinerblau6. Political Secularism and Democracy in Theory and PracticeJonathan FoxPart Two: Secular Governments7. Anglo-American Secular GovernmentJohn Perry 8. Secularism in FranceAmélie Barras9. Secularism in TurkeyKenan Sevinc, Ralph W. Hood Jr., Thomas Coleman10. Secularization in IsraelGuy Ben-Porat11. Secularism, State Neutrality, and IslamAbdullah Saeed12. Secular Government in sub-Saharan AfricaBaffour K. Takyi13. Secularism in IndiaVidhu Verma14. Soviet Atheism and its AftermathSonja Luehrmann15. Sacred, Secular, and Neo-sacred Governments in China and TaiwanCheng-tian KuoPart Three: Contesting Political Secularism16. Religion in the Public SphereCristina Lafont17. The Liberal Betrayal of SecularismShadia B. Drury18. Religious Freedom in a Secular SocietyRoger Trigg 19. Communicative Reason and Religious Faith in Secular and Post-Secular ContextsJacob Goodson20. Secularisms or Liberal-Democratic ConstitutionalismVeit Bader 21. Multiculturalizing SecularismTariq Modood22. Secularisms or Critique of Religio-SecularismYolande JansenPart Four: Politics of Church and State23. A Secular Critique of Religious Ethics and PoliticsPaul Cliteur24. Secular Education and ReligionJames Arthur25. Secularism, Feminism and the Public SphereNiamh Reilly26. Secularism, Race, and Political Affiliation in AmericaJuhem Navarro-Rivera and Yazmín García Trejo27. Black InfidelsSikivu Hutchinson28. Secularism and U.S. Religion JurisprudenceCaroline Corbin29. Separating Church and State in AmericaDavid NiosePart Five: Secularity and Society30. Varieties of Secular ExperienceDavid Eller31. Secular LivingJesse Smith32. Secular Prosociality and Well-beingLuke Galen33. Secularism and the Science of Well-beingDavid Yaden, Jonathan Iwry, Emily Esfahani Smith, James Pawelski34. Secular SpiritualityRobert C. Fuller35. Nonreligious People in Religious SocietiesWill Gervais and Maxine Najle36. The Challenge of Leaving Religion and Becoming SecularMarlene WinellPart Six: Morality and Secular Ethics37. Agency and Responsibility in a Natural WorldErik Wielenberg38. The Evolution of Sociality, Helping and MoralityDennis Krebs and Kaleda Denton39. Ethics, Secular and ReligiousJohn Teehan40. Secular Ethics, East and WestSor-hoon Tan41. Secularism, Humanism, and Secular HumanismJoseph Blankholm42. Humanism as a Positive Outcome of SecularismJoachim Duyndam43. Secularization, Bio-medical Technology and Life ExtensionBrian S. TurnerIndex