This book brings together a broad range of approaches and methodologies relevant to international comparative vocational education and training (VET). Revealing how youth in transition is affected by economic crises, it provides essential insights into the strengths and weaknesses of the various systems and prospects of VET in contexts ranging from North America to Europe, (e.g. Spain, Germany or the UK) to Asia (such as China, Thailand and India).
Though each country examined in this volume is affected by the economic crisis in a different way, the effects are especially apparent for the young generation. In many countries the youth unemployment rate is still very high and the job perspectives for young people are often limited at best. The contributions in this volume demonstrate that VET alone cannot solve these problems, but can be used to support a smooth transition from school to work. If the quality of VET is high and the status and job expectations are good, VET can help to fill the skills gap, especially at the intermediate skill level. Furthermore, VET can also offer a realistic alternative to the university track for young people in many countries.
Table of Contents
Preface.- Foreword: Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and Skills at the Centre Stage.- Part I International Comparative Studies.- Chapter 1 National Qualifications Frameworks (NQF) and Support for Alternative Transition Routes for Young People.- Chapter 2 Finding the Finishing Line - Career Support for Experimentation: Transitions and the role of Lifelong Learning.- Chapter 3 Challenges to the Implementation of Dual Apprenticeships in OCED Countries: A Literature Review.- Chapter 4 Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and the Transition of Young Women and Men to the Labour Market in Middle-Income Countries: A Comparative Analysis based on International Labour Organization (ILO) Surveys in Jamaica, Jordan, Peru, Tunisia, Ukrain, Viet Nam and Zambia.- Chapter 5 Learning to Innovate by Connecting Interprofessional Judgement - Exploring the Digitised Creative Sector in the Gulf.- Chapter 6 Induction of Job Entrants with Midlevel Qualifications: A Comparison of Health Care (HC) and Car Service (CS) in Selected European Countries and South Korea.- Chapter 7 Apprenticeship Policies coping with the Crisis: A Comparison of Austria with Germany and Switzerland.- Part II Asia (Including India and Excluding China).- Chapter 8 Initiatives in Skill Upgrading: The Case of Centres of Excellence (COE) in Industrial Training Institutes (ITI) in Karnataka, india.- Chapter 9 Theories for Practice: A Participatory Action Research Approach for the Establishment of the Regional Association for Vocational Teacher Education in Asia (RAVTE).- Chapter 10 Transferable Skills in Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) and Vocational Teacher Education (VTE): A Case Study of Thailand.- Chapter 11 Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Bangladesh - Systems, Curricula and Transition Pathways.- Part II China.- Chapter 12 KOMET-based Professional Competence Assessments for Vocational Education and Training (VET) Teachers in China.- Chapter 13 What does it mean to be Vocational Teachers in China - Results from a Survey among Chinese Vocational Teachers.- Chapter 14 Youth Employment and Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in China.- Chapter 15 On the improvement of School-Enterprise Cooperation (SEC) in China.- Part IV United States of America (USA).- Chapter 16 Why Firms Do and Don't offer Apprenticeships.- Chapter 17 A Qualitative Analysis of High School Level Vocational Education in the United States - Three Decades of Positive Change.- Chapter V Europe.- Chapter 18 Quality Doubts as a Driver for Vocational Education and Training (VET) Reforms - Switzerland's Way to a Highly Regarded Apprenticeship System.- Chapter 19 Addressing Mismatch in Spain: A Concern and Proposal Beyond the Economic Sphere.- Chapter 20 The Training Module Concept: A Way Towards Quality Improvement and Inclusion in German Vocational Education and Training (VET)?.- Chapter 21 Business and Administration Occupations - Findings about Differences and Similarities in their Requirements and Mentalities.- Part IV Theoretical/Conceptual.- Chapter 23 Vocational Knowledge - Regions and Recontextualisation Capability.- Chapter 24 International Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) Transfer Project - Theoretical-Practical Experiences of Workplace Training with the Workforce in the Egyptian Construction Industry.- Chapter 25 From Craftsmanship and Novices to 3D Printing and an Ageing Workforce - Is Vocational Education and Training (VET) Research keeping Pace with Change as well as Continuity in Work?.- Chapter 26 Policy Borrowing in Vocational Education and Training (VET) - VET System Typologies and the "6 P Strategy" for Transfer Analysis.-