This book underscores the complexity of the equity markets, the challenges they face, and the fact that they are still a work in process. Three interacting forces drive market change: competition, technology change, and regulatory change. The markets have one major objective in particular to achieve: the delivery of accurate price discovery for both traders and the broader market. Are we getting it? Are competition, technology, and regulation acting together to improve market quality, or are they adding to the complexity of the markets and making accurate price discovery harder to achieve? The difficulty of addressing these issues and reaching a consensus regarding public policy is reflected in the diverse opinions expressed in this book.
From an institutional perspective, the volume’s contributors highlight the interconnectedness of all aspects of the internal and external environment within which exchange organizations act. Equity Markets in Transition underscores how technological evolution and recent regulatory changes have influenced the business, and how these developments have opened new possibilities for exchange organizations and for equity markets as a whole, including such issues as the impact of equity markets on job creation.
The book combines both a theoretical and a practical approach. Part I presents a theoretical overview of the international equity market business, including an overall description of the value chain of stock trading that includes deep dives on every decisive step. Part II contains contributions from various business specialists who have specific practical and academic knowledge of the different steps. Equity Markets in Transition represents a unique combination of theoretical and practical analysis that offers first-hand insights on all relevant interactions and interrelations among the various parts of the exchange business, with an emphasis on facilitating analysis of the status quo and of emerging trends regarding business models, regulation, and the development of the competitor, customer and investor sides.
Table of Contents
Part 1.The Value Change of Exchange Organizations: Systematic Overview.- 1. Exchange Organizations: Thoughts and Reflections.- 2. An Exchange and its Value Chain.- 3. Primary Market: Bringing Products to the Market.- 4. Secondary Market: Trading, Price Discovery and Order Matching.- 5. Clearing: Real-Time Risk Management.- 6. Securities Services: Settlement, Custody and Financing.- 7. Information Technology.- 8. Contractual Relationships.- 9. Market Regulation.- Part 2. Trading of Financial Instruments: Selected Topics.- 10. Equity Market Microstructure: Taking Stock of What We Know.- 11. Exchanges: Link to the Real Economy.- 12. The Role of High Frequency Trading in Modern Financial Markets.- 13. High Frequency Trading: Market Structure Matters.- 14. Global Developments in Equity Trading.- 15. From the End of Bretton Woods to the Global Financial Crisis: 40 Years of Turbulence.- 16. Risk and Representation: The Limits of Risk Management.- 17. T2S: Creating a new Post Trade Landscape.- 18. IT in Transition.- 19. The Future of Finance – Fintech, Tech Disruption and Orchestrating Innovation.- 20. Equity Capital Market Expectations of Corporate Issuers – The Fresenius Perspective.- 21. The Investment Process.- 22. Institutional Investors and Exchange Organizations.- 23. Equity Market Fragmentation in the Swiss Market.- 24. Takeover Regulation as Part of a Functioning Equity Market.- 25. Implementing MiFID2: The View o a Cash Equities Trading Venue.- 26. European Financial Integration: Monetary Union, Banking Union, Capital Markets Union.