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アメリカ司法制度における陪審制の復権

The Missing American Jury : Restoring the Fundamental Constitutional Role of the Criminal, Civil, and Grand Juries

Thomas, Suja A.

Cambridge University Press 2016/06
出版国: US
ISBN: 9781107055650
eISBN: 9781316666081
KNPID: EY00155824
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Full Description

Criminal, civil, and grand juries have disappeared from the American legal system. Over time, despite their significant presence in the Constitution, juries have been robbed of their power by the federal government and the states. For example, leveraging harsher criminal penalties, executive officials have forced criminal defendants into plea bargains, eliminating juries. Capping money awards, legislatures have stripped juries of their power to fix damages. Ordering summary judgment, judges dispose of civil cases without sending them to a jury. This is not what the founders intended. Examining the Constitution's text and historical sources, the book explores how the jury's authority has been taken and how it can be restored to its rightful, co-equal position as a 'branch' of government. Discussing the value of juries beyond the Constitution's requirements, the book also discusses the significance of juries world-wide and argues jury decision-making should be preferred over determinations by other governmental bodies.

Table of Contents

1. The missing American jury: an introduction; Part I. The Jury Now: 2. The fall of the criminal, civil, and grand juries and the rise of the executive, the legislature, the judiciary, and the states; 3. The missing branch; Part II. The Future Jury: 4. Interpreting jury authority; 5. Restoring the jury; 6. Beyond the constitution: affirming a role for lay jurors in America's government and world-wide; 7. A branch among equals in American democracy: a conclusion.