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近代初期ヨーロッパにおける聖書批評:エラスムス、コンマ・ヨハンネウムと三位一体の議論

Biblical Criticism in Early Modern Europe : Erasmus, the Johannine Comma and Trinitarian Debate

McDonald, Grantley

Cambridge University Press 2016/07
出版国: US
ISBN: 9781107125360
eISBN: 9781316789346
KNPID: EY00156157
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Full Description

Medieval western theologians considered the Johannine comma (1 John 5:7-8) the clearest biblical evidence for the Trinity. When Erasmus failed to find the comma in the Greek manuscripts he used for his New Testament edition, he omitted it. Accused of promoting Antitrinitarian heresy, Erasmus included the comma in his third edition (1522) after seeing it in a Greek codex from England, even though he suspected the manuscript's authenticity. The resulting disputes, involving leading theologians, philologists and controversialists such as Luther, Calvin, Sozzini, Milton, Newton, Bentley, Gibbon and Porson, touched not simply on philological questions, but also on matters of doctrine, morality, social order, and toleration. While the spuriousness of the Johannine comma was established by 1900, it has again assumed iconic status in recent attempts to defend biblical inerrancy amongst the Christian Right. A social history of the Johannine comma thus provides significant insights into the recent culture wars.

Table of Contents

Introduction: the birth of the Trinity; 1. Erasmus; 2. The Johannine comma in sixteenth-century bibles after Erasmus; 3. Raising the ghost of Arius: the Johannine comma and Trinitarian debate; 4. From Civil War to Enlightenment; 5. The Johannine comma in the long nineteenth century.