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電子書籍詳細


洋書 kinoppy

日本における選挙制度改革と国家安全保障

Electoral Reform and National Security in Japan : From Pork to Foreign Policy

Catalinac, Amy

Cambridge University Press 2016/01
出版国: US
ISBN: 9781107120495
eISBN: 9781316472101
KNPID: EY00160410
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Full Description

Japan is the third-largest economy in the world and a key ally of the United States. Yet the determinants of Japanese security policy are not well understood. The question of why Japan never sought the independent military capabilities that would be commensurate with its economic power has puzzled scholars of international relations for decades. Applying new tools for the quantitative analysis of text to a new collection of 7,497 Japanese-language election manifestos used in elections between 1986 and 2009, this book argues that the electoral strategies politicians in the ruling party were forced to adopt under Japan's old electoral system made it extraordinarily difficult for them to focus on security issues and to change security policy. It was only when their electoral strategies shifted after electoral reform in 1994 that these same politicians became able to pay attention and change security policy.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction; 2. Electoral systems, electoral strategies, and national security; 3. Measuring electoral strategies with thousands of candidate election manifestos; 4. Electoral strategies shifted from pork to policy; 5. Electoral strategies shifted to national security; 6. Electoral strategies of opposition focused on policy; 7. Impact on security policy; 8. Conclusion.