The Polish Underground and the Jews, 1939–1945 examines one of the central problems in the history of Polish-Jewish relations: the attitude and the behavior of the Polish Underground - the resistance organization loyal to the Polish government-in-exile - toward the Jews during World War II. Using a variety of archival documents, testimonies, and memoirs, Zimmerman offers a careful, dispassionate narrative, arguing that the reaction of the Polish Underground to the catastrophe that befell European Jewry was immensely varied, ranging from aggressive aid to acts of murder. By analyzing the military, civilian, and political wings of the Polish Underground and offering portraits of the organization's main leaders, this book is the first full-length scholarly monograph in any language to provide a thorough examination of the Polish Underground's attitude and behavior towards the Jews during the entire period of World War II.
Table of Contents
Introduction; Part I. The Polish Underground and the Jews under the German-Soviet Partition, 1939–41: 1. Polish politics and the 'Jewish question', 1936–9; 2. Formation of the Polish resistance movement, September 1939–June 1941; 3. The Polish Underground and the Jews, October 1939–June 1941; 4. From ghettoization to mass murder, June–December 1941: the Polish Underground and the prelude to the Nazi Final Solution; 5. The Polish Underground's initial response to the Nazi Final Solution, December 1941–July 1942; Part II. The Polish Underground and the Jews under Nazi Rule, 1941–5: 6. The Great Deportations from the Warsaw ghetto and their aftermath, July–December 1942; 7. Transformation of the Polish Underground policies towards the Jews, November 1942–April 1943; 8. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising and the Polish Underground, April 19–May 15, 1943; 9. In the aftermath of the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, May–November 1943; 10. When the Home Army turned its guns on the Jews; 11. When the Polish Underground helped the Jews: institutional aid; 12. When the Polish Underground helped the Jews: individual aid; 13. The Polish Underground and the Jews, Fall 1943–July 1944; 14. The Polish Underground and the Jews from the Warsaw Uprising to the dissolution of the Home Army, August 1944–January 1945; Conclusion.