The civil rights movement and immigration reform transformed American politics in the mid-1960s. Demographic diversity and identity politics raised the challenge of e pluribus unum anew, and multiculturalism emerged as a new ideological response to this dilemma. This book uses national public opinion data and public opinion data from Los Angeles to compare ethnic differences in patriotism and ethnic identity and ethnic differences in support for multicultural norms and group-conscious policies. The authors find evidence of strong patriotism among all groups and the classic pattern of assimilation among the new wave of immigrants. They argue that there is a consensus in rejecting harder forms of multiculturalism that insist on group rights but also a widespread acceptance of softer forms that are tolerant of cultural differences and do not challenge norms, such as by insisting on the primacy of English.
Table of Contents
Prologue; 1. The challenge of e pluribus unum; 2. The political psychology of identity choice; 3. Contours of American national identity; 4. The ethnic cauldron and group consciousness; 5. Public opinion and multiculturalism's guiding norms; 6. Do ethnic identities and multiculturalism collide with national identities?; 7. Multicultural policies: ethnic consensus and cleavage; 8. The dynamics of multicultural-policy preferences; 9. Multiculturalism and party politics; 10. Conclusion.