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<100ページで学ぶ名著>ゴットフレッドソン&ハーシー『犯罪の基礎理論』

An Analysis of Michael R. Gottfredson and Travish Hirschi's A General Theory of Crime

1

(The Macat Library)

Jenkins, William J

Macat Library 2017/07
出版国: GB
ISBN: 9781912303588
eISBN: 9781351351843
KNPID: EY00198672
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Full Description

Michael R. Gottfredson and Travish Hirschi’s 1990 A General Theory of Crime is a classic text that helped reshape the discipline of criminology. It is also a testament to the powers of clear reasoning and interpretation.

In critical thinking terms, reasoning is all about presenting a solid and persuasive case – and as many people instinctively understand, the most persuasive reasoning is that which bases itself on a single, simple hook. In Gottfredson and Hirschi’s case, this hook was what has come to be known as the “self-control theory of crime” – the idea that the tendency to commit crime is directly related to an individual’s level of self-control.

While the dominant schools of thought of the time tended to focus on crime as the product of complex environmental factors, with little attempt to unify different theories, Gottfredson and Hirschi sought to interpret things so as to provide a single overarching concept that explained why crimes of all sorts were committed. Moreover, while other theories of crime concentrated on understanding and explaining specific types of law-breaking, the self-control model could, in Gottfredson and Hirschi’s view, be seen as the basis for understanding the root cause for all crime in all contexts. While such simplicity inevitably attracted as much criticism as agreement, subsequent studies have provided real-world corroboration for the General Theory’s persuasive reasoning.

Table of Contents

Ways In to the Text 

Who were Michael R. Gottfredson and Travish Hirschi? 

What does A General Theory of Crime Say? 

Why does A General Theory of Crime  Matter? 

Section 1: Influences 

Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context 

Module 2: Academic Context 

Module 3: The Problem  

Module 4: The Author's Contribution 

Section 2: Ideas  

Module 5: Main Ideas  

Module 6: Secondary Ideas  

Module 7: Achievement  

Module 8: Place in the Author's Work  

Section 3: Impact  

Module 9: The First Responses  

Module 10: The Evolving Debate  

Module 11: Impact and Influence Today  

Module 12: Where Next? 

Glossary of Terms  

People Mentioned in the Text 

Works Cited