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<100ページで学ぶ名著>バドリー&ヒッチ『ワーキングメモリ―思考と行為の心理学的基盤』

An Analysis of Alan D. Baddeley and Graham Hitch's Working Memory

1

(The Macat Library)

Koopmann-Holm, Birgit   O'Connor, Alexander

Macat Library 2017/07
出版国: GB
ISBN: 9781912303533
eISBN: 9781351352765
KNPID: EY00198684
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Full Description

The work of memory researchers Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch is a prime example of the ways in which good critical thinkers approach questions and the problems they raise.

In the 1960s, researchers into human memory began to understand memory as comprising not one, but two systems. The first was a short-term system handling information for mere seconds. The second was a long-term system capable of managing information indefinitely. They also discovered, however, that short-term memory was not simply a ‘filing cabinet,’ as many had thought, but was actively working on cognitive – or mental – tasks. This is how the phrase “working memory” developed. The hypothesis remained unproven, however, presenting Baddeley and Hitch with the problem of working out how to produce definitive evidence that short term memory was a working system that actively manipulated and processed information.

They responded by designing a series of ten experiments aimed at showing just this – presenting the results in their 1974 article, ‘Working memory.’ The research was a masterpiece of problem-solving that proved revelatory. The authors not only generated new solutions and made sound decisions between alternative possibilities – they also showed that short-term memory is indeed an active system responsible for information processing and managing, while also influencing attention, reasoning, reading comprehension and learning.

While their work has since been refined by others, Baddeley and Hitch’s problem-solving approach helped to create the dominant understanding of working memory that underpins psychological research throughout the world today.

Table of Contents

Ways in to the Text 

Who were Alan Baddeley and Graham Hitch? 

What does Working Memory Say? 

Why does Working Memory Matter? 

Section 1: Influences 

Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context  

Module 2: Academic Context  

Module 3: The Problem  

Module 4: The Author's Contribution 

Section 2: Ideas  

Module 5: Main Ideas  

Module 6: Secondary Ideas  

Module 7: Achievement  

Module 8: Place in the Author's Work 

Section 3: Impact  

Module 9: The First Responses  

Module 10: The Evolving Debate 

Module 11: Impact and Influence Today 

Module 12: Where Next?  

Glossary of Terms 

People Mentioned in the Text  

Works Cited