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<100ページで学ぶ名著>クーン『科学革命の構造』

An Analysis of Thomas Kuhn's The Structure of Scientific Revolutions

1

(The Macat Library)

Hedesan, Jo   Tendler, Joseph

Macat Library 2017/07
出版国: GB
ISBN: 9781912302703
eISBN: 9781351353472
KNPID: EY00198699
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Full Description

Thomas Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions can be seen, without exaggeration, as a landmark text in intellectual history.

In his analysis of shifts in scientific thinking, Kuhn questioned the prevailing view that science was an unbroken progression towards the truth. Progress was actually made, he argued, via "paradigm shifts", meaning that evidence that existing scientific models are flawed slowly accumulates – in the face, at first, of opposition and doubt – until it finally results in a crisis that forces the development of a new model. This development, in turn, produces a period of rapid change – "extraordinary science," Kuhn terms it – before an eventual return to "normal science" begins the process whereby the whole cycle eventually repeats itself.

This portrayal of science as the product of successive revolutions was the product of rigorous but imaginative critical thinking. It was at odds with science’s self-image as a set of disciplines that constantly evolve and progress via the process of building on existing knowledge. Kuhn’s highly creative re-imagining of that image has proved enduringly influential – and is the direct product of the author’s ability to produce a novel explanation for existing evidence and to redefine issues so as to see them in new ways.

Table of Contents

Ways in to the Text 

Who was Thomas Kuhn? 

What does The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Say? 

Why does The Structure of Scientific Revolutions Matter? 

Section 1: Influences  

Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context  

Module 2: Academic Context 

Module 3: The Problem 

Module 4: The Author's Contribution 

Section 2: Ideas  

Module 5: Main Ideas 

Module 6: Secondary Ideas  

Module 7: Achievement  

Module 8: Place in the Author's Work 

Section 3: Impact 

Module 9: The First Responses 

Module 10: The Evolving Debate 

Module 11: Impact and Influence Today 

Module 12: Where Next? 

Glossary of Terms 

People Mentioned in the Text 

Works Cited