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<100ページで学ぶ名著>ジェフリー・パーカー「グローバル危機:17世紀の世界における戦争、気候変動と大災害」

An Analysis of Geoffrey Parker's Global Crisis : War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century

1

(The Macat Library)

Jackson, Ian

Macat Library 2017/07
出版国: GB
ISBN: 9781912128082
eISBN: 9781351352284
KNPID: EY00198760
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Full Description

Few historians can claim to have undertaken historical analysis on as grand a scale as Geoffrey Parker in his 2013 work Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century. It is a doorstop of a book that surveys the ‘general crisis of the 17th century,’ shows that it was experienced practically throughout the world, and was not merely a European phenomenon, and links it to the impact of climate change in the form of the advent of a cold period known as the ‘Little Ice Age.’

Parker’s triumph is made possible by the deployment of formidable critical thinking skills – reasoning, to construct an engaging overall argument from very disparate material, and analysis, to re-examine and understand the plethora of complex secondary sources on which his book is built. In critical thinking, analysis is all about understanding the features and structures of argument: how given reasons lead to conclusions, and what kinds of implicit reasons and assumptions are being used. Historical analysis applies the same skills to the fabric of history, asking how given chains of events occur, how different reasons and factors interact, and so on.

Parker, though, takes things further than most in his quest to understand the meaning of a century’s-worth of turbulence spread across the whole globe. Beginning by breaking down the evidence for significant climatic cooling in the 17th-century (due to decreased solar activity), he moves on to detailed study of the effects the cooling had on societies and regimes across the world. From this detailed spadework, he constructs a persuasive argument that accounts for the different ways in which the effects of climate change played out across the century – an argument with profound implications for a future likely to see serious climate change of its own.

Table of Contents

Ways in to the Text 

Who is Geoffrey Parker? 

What does Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century Say? 

Why does Global Crisis: War, Climate Change and Catastrophe in the Seventeenth Century Matter? 

Section 1: Influences 

Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context 

Module 2: Academic Context 

Module 3: The Problem 

Module 4: The Author's Contribution 

Section 2: Ideas 

Module 5: Main Ideas 

Module 6: Secondary Ideas  

Module 7: Achievement 

Module 8: Place in the Author's Work  

Section 3: Impact 

Module 9: The First Responses

 Module 10: The Evolving Debate  

Module 11: Impact and Influence Today 

Module 12: Where Next?  

Glossary of Terms  

People Mentioned in the Text  

Works Cited