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<100ページで学ぶ名著>ウィトゲンシュタイン『哲学探究』

An Analysis of Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations

1

(The Macat Library)

O' Sullivan, Michael

Macat Library 2017/07
出版国: GB
ISBN: 9781912303151
eISBN: 9781351352666
KNPID: EY00198815
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Full Description

Many still consider Ludwig Wittgenstein’s 1953 Philosophical Investigations to be one of the breakthrough works of twentieth-century philosophy.

The book sets out a radically new conception of philosophy itself, and demonstrates all the attributes of a fine analytical mind. Taking an argument from Plato and subjecting it to detailed (and very clear) analysis, Wittgenstein shows his understanding of how the sequence and function of differing parts of a highly-complex argument can be broken down and assessed. In so doing, he reaches a logical position of simultaneous agreement and disagreement with Plato’s philosophical position.

Philosophical Investigations is also a powerful example of the skill of interpretation. Philosophical problems often arise from confusions in the use of language – and the way to solve these problems, Wittgenstein posits, is by clarifying language use. He argues that philosophers must study ordinary uses of language and examine how people use it as a tool in their everyday lives. In this highly-interpretative way, the meaning of a word or sentence becomes relative to the context (people, culture, community) in which it is used. Rather than debate abstract problems, Wittgenstein urges philosophers to concern themselves with ordinary life and the concrete situations in which humans find themselves.

Table of Contents

Ways in to the Text 

Who was Ludwig Wittgenstein? 

What does Philosophical Investigations Say? 

Why does Philosophical Investigations Matter?  

Section 1: Influences 

Module 1: The Author and the Historical Context 

Module 2: Academic Context 

Module 3: The Problem  

Module 4: The Author's Contribution  

Section 2: Ideas 

Module 5: Main Ideas  

Module 6: Secondary Ideas  

Module 7: Achievement  

Module 8: Place in the Author's Work 

Section 3: Impact 

Module 9: The First Responses 

Module 10: The Evolving Debate 

Module 11: Impact and Influence Today 

Module 12: Where Next? 

Glossary of Terms 

People Mentioned in the Text 

Works Cited