For almost fifty years Japan pursued a single-track approach focusing trade negotiation efforts exclusively on the global multilateral forum while shunning regionalism as harmful to the General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs/ World Trade Organisation system. However, following the tsunami disaster of March 2011 and widespread economic downturn Tokyo has engaged much more actively in pursuing bilateral Free-Trade Agreements (FTAs).
This book explores the turnaround in Japanese strategy and trade policy. Drawing on case studies and including interviews with FTA policymakers within the government and key interest groups it focusses on the domestic political process of FTA and Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) negotiations to investigate the cause of the policy shift.
This work will prove useful to students, scholars and policymakers interested in international political economy, Japanese trade policy, East Asian regionalism and the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP).
Table of Contents
The History of Japanese Trade Policy
Overview of Japanese FTAs
Research on Factors Driving and Hindering FTA Initiatives
Chapter 1 Globalization and the New Regionalism: The Interplay between Divergence and Convergence
Debates around globalization
Debates around regionalism
The interrelationship between globalization and regionalism
Chapter 2 Domestic Politics of Japanese FTA Policy: An Analysis of the Japan-Singapore FTA Negotiation Process
The international environment
The actors involved in the negotiation process and their composition
The Japan-Singapore FTA negotiation process
Chapter 3 Domestic Politics of Japanese FTA Policy: An Analysis of the Japan–Mexico FTA Negotiation Process
Preliminary Period (November 1998–June 2001)
First Half Period (September 2001 Joint Study Start–October 2003 Negotiation Crisis)
Latter Period (December 2003–March 2004)
Convergence Period (March 2004 Substantial Agreement–April 2005)
Chapter 4 East Asian Integration and Domestic Politics: The Case of South Korea
South Korea and FTA case studies
South Korea and the TPP
Background to South Korea Delaying TPP Participation
Chapter 5 Japan’s Choice: TPP Rule Setter or Follower?
Japan and the TPP
Japan’s negotiation process concerning the TPP
Promoting factors behind Japan’s TPP proposal
TPP impediments: The agricultural "sub-government"
Chapter 6 Conclusion: The Evolution and Implications of Japan’s FTA/TPP
Domestic Politics Approach
Japan and East Asian Integration
Japan and good governance
Toward East Asian regional integration