The late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries have seen a renaissance in the study of virtue -- a topic that has prevailed in philosophical work since the time of Aristotle. Several major developments have conspired to mark this new age. Foremost among them, some argue, is the birth of virtue ethics, an approach to ethics that focuses on virtue in place of consequentialism (the view that normative properties depend only on consequences) or deontology (the study of what we have a moral duty to do).The emergence of new virtue theories also marks this new wave of work on virtue. Put simply, these are theories about what virtue is, and they include Kantian and utilitarian virtue theories. Concurrently, virtue ethics is being applied to other fields where it hasn't been used before, including bioethics and education. In addition to these developments, the study of virtue in epistemological theories has become increasingly widespread to the point that it has spawned a subfield known as 'virtue epistemology.'This volume therefore provides a representative overview of philosophical work on virtue. It is divided into seven parts: conceptualizations of virtue, historical and religious accounts, contemporary virtue ethics and theories of virtue, central concepts and issues, critical examinations, applied virtue ethics, and virtue epistemology. Forty-two chapters by distinguished scholars offer insights and directions for further research. In addition to philosophy, authors also deal with virtues in non-western philosophical traditions, religion, and psychological perspectives on virtue.
Table of Contents
Introduction (Nancy E. Snow) Part I: Conceptualizations of Virtue1. Virtue as a Trait Christian Miller 2. Virtue as a Sensitivity Bridget Clarke3. Virtue as a Skill Matt StichterPart II: Historical and Religious Accounts of Virtue4. Plato Franco V. Trivigno 5. Aristotle and Moral Virtue Howard Curzer 6. Stoic Virtue Lawrence C. Becker 7. Buddhism and the Virtues Matthew MacKenzie8. Confucianism and Neo-Confucianism Justin Tiwald9. The Phronimos and the Sage May Sim10. Islamic Virtue Ethics Elizabeth M. Bucar 11. Turning to Aquinas on Virtue Candace Vogler 12. Virtue in Hume and Nietzsche Christine Swanton 13. Kant on Virtue: Seeking the Ideal in Human Conditions Adam Cureton and Thomas E. Hill14. Christian Theories of Virtue Jay Wood Part III: Contemporary Virtue Ethics and Theories of Virtue 16. Neo-Aristotelian Virtue Ethics Nancy E. Snow 17. Sentimentalist Virtue Ethics Michael Slote 18. Alternatives to Neo-Aristotelian Virtue Ethic Glen Pettigrove19. Feminist Approaches to Virtue Ethics Robin Dillon20. Contemporary Consequentialist Theories of Virtue Ben BradleyPart IV: Central Concepts and Issues in Virtue Ethics and Theories of Virtue21. Acquiring Aristotelian Virtue Nafsika Athanassoulis 22. Putting Ideals in their Place Daniel C. Russell 23. Virtuous Motivation Karen Stohr 24. Eudaimonism Mark LeBarPart V: Critical Examinations of Virtue Ethics25. Objections to Virtue Ethics Frans Svensson and Jens Johansson 26. Cultural Relativity and Justification Rebecca L. Stangl27. Virtue, Vice, and Situationism Tom Bates and Pauline Kleingeld 28. Virtue from the Perspective of Psychology Kristján Kristjánsson Part VI: Applied Virtue Ethics29. Toward an Empirically Informed Approach to Medical Virtues Justin Oakley 30. Character-Based Business Ethics Miguel Alzola 31. Jurisprudence Chapin Cimino32. Virtue Ethics and Education David Carr33. Environmental Virtue Ethics Jason Kawall34. Sexual Ethics Raja Halwani 35. Communication Ethics and Virtue Janie M. Harden FritzPart VII: Virtue Epistemology36. Reliabilist Virtue Epistemology John Greco and Jonathan Reibsamen 37. Virtue Responsibilism Sarah Wright38. Sentimentalist Virtue Epistemology: The Challenge of Personalism Michael Slote and Heather Battaly39. Moral and Intellectual Virtues Michael S. Brady 40. Intellectual Virtues and Truth, Understanding, and Wisdom Jason Baehr41.Virtue Epistemology and Psychology Abrol Fairweather and Carlos Montemayor42.Virtue Epistemology and the Democratic Life Colin Farrelly