Traditionally, much of the work studying war and conflict has focused on men. Men commonly appear as soldiers, commanders, casualties, and civilians. Women, by contrast, are invisible as combatants, and, when seen, are typically pictured as victims. The field of war and conflict studies is changing: more recently, scholars of war and conflict have paid increasing notice to men as a gendered category and given sizeable attention to women's multiple roles in conflict and post-conflict settings.The Oxford Handbook of Gender and Conflict focuses on the multidimensionality of gender in conflict, yet it also prioritizes the experience of women, given both the changing nature of war and the historical de-emphasis on women's experiences. Today's wars are not staged encounters involving formal armies, but societal wars that operate at all levels, from house to village to city. Women are necessarily involved at each level. Operating from this basic intellectual foundation, the editors have arranged the volume into seven core sections: the theoretical foundations of the role of gender in violent conflicts; the sources for studying contemporary conflict; the conflicts themselves; the post-conflict process; institutions and actors; the challenges presented by the evolving nature of war; and, finally, a substantial set of case studies from across the globe. Genuinely comprehensive, this Handbook will not only serve as an authoritative overview of this massive topic, it will set the research agenda for years to come.
Table of Contents
AcknowledgmentsEditors and Contributors BiographiesForewordsIntroductionI. Background and Context1. Theories of WarLaura Sjoberg2. From Women and War to Gender and Conflict? Feminist TrajectoriesDubravka Zarkov3. The Silences in the Rules that Regulate Women during Times of Armed ConflictJudith Gardam4. How Should we Explain the Recurrence of Violent Conflict, and What Might Gender Have to do with it?Judy El-Bushra5. The Gendered Nexus Between Conflict and Citizenship in Historical PerspectiveJo Butterfield and Elizabeth Heineman6. Violent Conflict and Changes in Gender Economic Roles: Implications for Post-Conflict Economic RecoveryPatricia Justino7. Men As VictimsChris DolanII. The Security Council's WPS Agenda/Contemporary Survey8. Women, Peace and Security: A Critical Analysis of the Security Council's VisionDianne Otto9. Participation and Protection: Security Council Dynamics, Bureaucratic Politics and the Evolution of the Women, Peace and Security AgendaAnne Marie Goetz and Rob Jenkins10. A Critical Genealogy of the Centrality of Sexual Violence to Gender and ConflictKaren Engle11. 1325 +15 = Reflections on the Women, Peace and Security AgendaKimberly Theidon12. Complemenentarity and Convergence? Women, Peace and Security and the Counterterrorism AgendaNaureen Chowdhury Fink and Alison Davidian13. Convergence Between CEDAW and Security Council Resolution 1325: Unlocking the Potential of CEDAW as an Important Accountability Tool for the Women, Peace and Security AgendaPramilla Patten14. Indicators and BenchmarksPablo Castillo-Diaz and Hanny Cueva-BetetaIII. Legal and Political Elements15. Humanitarian Intervention and Gender DynamicsGina Heathcote16. (Re)Considering the Gender Jurisprudence of ConflictPatricia Viseur Sellers17. Complementarity as a Catalyst for Gender Justice in National ProsecutionsAmrita Kapur18. Forced Marriage During Conflict and Mass AtrocityValerie Oosterveld19. Advancing Justice and Making Amends through Reparations - Legal and Operational ConsiderationsKristin Kalla20. ColonialismAmina Mama21. Conflict, Displacement and RefugeesLucy Hovil22. Gender and Forms of Conflict; The Moral Hazards of Dating the Security CouncilVasuki NesiahIV. Conflict and Post-Conflict Space23. The Martial Rape of Girls and Women in Antiquity and ModernityKathy L. Gaca24. "Mind the Gap:" Measuring and Understanding Gendered Conflict ExperiencesAmelia Hoover Green25. Intersectionality: Working in ConflictEilish Rooney26. Agency and Gender Norms in War EconomiesPatti Petesch27. Risk and Resilience: The Physical and Mental Health of Female Civilians During WarLauren C. Ng and Theresa S. Betancourt28. The Gender Implications of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Conflict SituationsBarbara Frey29. Unmanned Weapons: Looking for the Gender DimensionChristof Heyns and Tess Borden30. Gender and PeacekeepingSabrina Karim and Marsha Henry31. Peacekeeping, Human Trafficking, and Sexual Abuse and ExploitationMartina Vandenberg32. Women, Peace Negotiations and Peace Agreements: Opportunities and ChallengesChristine Bell33. Women's Organizations and Peace InitiativesAili Mari Tripp34. Gender and Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration: Reviewing and Advancing the FieldDyan Mazurana, Roxanne Krystalli and Anton Baaré35. Decolonial feminism, gender and transitional justicePascha Bueno-Hansen36. Gender and Governance in post-conflict and democratizing settingsLisa Kindervater and Sheila MeintjesV. Case Studies37. Who Defines the Red Lines? The Prospects for Safeguarding Women's Rights and Securing their Future in Post-Transition AfghanistanSari Kouvo and Corey Levine38. "That's Not my Daughter": The Paradoxes of Documenting Jihadist Mass Rape in 1990's Algeria and BeyondKarima Bennoune39. Consequences of Conflict Related Sexual Violence on Post-Conflict Society: Case Study of Bosnia and HerzegovinaLejla Hadzimesic40. Colombia: Gender and Land RestitutionDonny Meertens41. Knowing Gender and/in Armed Conflict?: Reflections from Research in the DRCMaria Eriksson Baaz and Maria Stern42. Northern Ireland: The Significance of A Bottom Up Women's Movement in a Politically Contested SocietyMonica McWilliams and Avila Kilmurray43. Gendered Suffering and the Eviction of the Native: The Politics of Birth in Occupied East JerusalemNadera Shalhoub-Kevorkian44. Rwanda: Women's Political Participation in Post-Conflict State-BuildingDoris Buss and Jerusa Ali45. Sri Lanka: The Impact of Militarization on WomenAmbika Satkunanathan