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道徳的責任とは何か:新論文集

The Nature of Moral Responsibility : New Essays

Clarke, Randolph (EDT)   McKenna, Michael (EDT)   Smith, Angela M. (EDT)

Oxford University Press 2015/05
出版国: US
ISBN: 9780190883942
eISBN: 9780190273361
KNPID: EY00231955
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Full Description

What is it to be morally responsible for something? Recent philosophical work reveals considerable disagreement on the question. Indeed, some theorists claim to distinguish several varieties of moral responsibility, with different conditions that must be satisfied if one is to bear responsibility of one or another of these kinds.Debate on this point turns partly on disagreement about the kinds of responses made appropriate when one is blameworthy or praiseworthy. It is generally agreed that these include "reactive attitudes" such as resentment and gratitude, but theorists disagree about the nature of these attitudes. They dispute the connections between moral responsibility, desert, and the justification of punishment as well.Many theorists take it that, whatever the appropriate responses are, they are responses to an agent's "quality of will," but there is no consensus on what this comes to. Are the agent's beliefs about the moral status of her behavior what matter, or is it what she cares about, or what she judges important?This volume presents twelve original essays from participants in these debates. The contributors include prominent established figures as well as influential younger philosophers. A substantive introduction by the editors surveys recent debates and situates the contributions within it.

Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsNotes on ContributorsIntroductionPart I. The Nature of Moral Responsibility: Some FrameworksChapter 1. Neal A. Tognazzini, The Strains of InvolvementChapter 2. Michael J. Zimmerman, Varieties of Moral ResponsibilityChapter 3. Gideon Rosen, The Alethic Conception of Moral ResponsibilityChapter 4. T. M. Scanlon, Forms and Conditions of ResponsibilityPart II. Quality of Will and the Deep SelfChapter 5. David Shoemaker, Ecumenical AttributabilityChapter 6. Nomy Arpaly, Huckleberry Finn Revisited: Inverse Akrasia and Moral IgnoranceChapter 7. Julia Driver, Appraisability, Attributability, and Moral AgencyChapter 8. Holly M. Smith, Dual-Process Theory and Moral ResponsibilityPart III. Responsibility in Practice: Communication, Substantive Responsibility, and MoralDesertChapter 9. Coleen Macnamara, Blame, Communication, and Morally Responsible AgencyChapter 10. George Sher, Responsibility, Conversation, and CommunicationChapter 11. Rahul Kumar, Contractualism and the Roots of ResponsibilityChapter 12. Derk Pereboom, A Notion of Moral Responsibility Immune to the Threat fromCausal DeterminationSuggested Further ReadingsIndex