Critical Thinking: The Basics is an accessible and engaging introduction to the field of critical thinking, drawing on philosophy, communication and psychology. Emphasising its relevance to decision making (in personal, professional and civic life), academic literacy and personal development, this book supports the reader in understanding and developing the knowledge and skills needed to avoid poor reasoning, reconstruct and evaluate arguments, and engage constructively in dialogues.
Topics covered include:
- the relationship between critical thinking, emotions and the psychology of persuasion
- the role of character dispositions such as open-mindedness, courage and perseverance
- argument identification and reconstruction
- fallacies and argument evaluation.
With discussion questions/exercises and suggestions for further reading at the end of each main chapter, this book is an essential read for students approaching the field of critical thinking for the first time, and for the general reader wanting to improving their thinking skills and decision making abilities.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Waking up to bad arguments
Chapter 1: Rationality, biases and emotions
Chapter 2: Critical Thinking and Dispositions
Chapter 3: Arguments and argument reconstruction
Chapter 4: Argument forms and fallacies
Chapter 5: Arguments referring to expertise, power, and message source
Chapter 6: Causal arguments, generalisation, arguments from consequences and slippery slope arguments.
Chapter 7: Arguments from analogy
Chapter 8: Further fallacies