How, and why, did human trafficking out of Russia escalate at the beginning of the twenty-first century? Why did some labour migrants from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan find happy work situations in Russia whereas others became trapped in forced labour? This book focuses on human trafficking out of the Russian Federation since the collapse of the Soviet state and on labour migration into it from Central Asia, and on some internal movement. It looks at the socio-economic reasons behind labour flows and examines key social, political, legislative and policy responses. Discussion includes how the Russian press covers these topics and what politicians, experts and the public think about them. Based on interviews, polls and focus groups in Russia, this book is rich in original research which highlights different Russian perspectives on exploitation in unfree labour. It gives examples of entrapment in prostitution, construction work, on farms, and in begging rings.
Table of Contents
List of tables; Map; Acknowledgments; Note; Introduction; 1. Unfree labour in Russian history; 2. The politics of getting human trafficking onto agendas; 3. Press reporting on human trafficking out of Russia; 4. Public attitudes on human trafficking; 5. How the public talks about human trafficking; 6. Expert narratives on human trafficking; 7. Migration flows into Russia and reports on forced labour; 8. Policy and legislation on labour migrants; 9. Migration experts talking; 10. Public opinion on migrant labour; 11. Conclusion; Glossary; Select bibliography; Index.