This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art account of research in language policy and planning (LPP). Through a critical examination of LPP, the Handbook offers new direction for a field in theoretical and methodological turmoil as a result of the socio-economic, institutional, and discursive processes of change taking place under the conditions of Late Modernity. Late Modernity refers to the widespread processes of late capitalism leading to the selective privatization of services (including education), the information revolution associated with rapidly changing statuses and functions of languages, the weakening of the institutions of nation-states (along with the strengthening of non-state actors), and the fragmentation of overlapping and competing identities associated with new complexities of language-identity relations and new forms of multilingual language use. As an academic discipline in the social sciences, LPP is fraught with tensions between these processes of change and the still-powerful ideological framework of modern nationalism. It is an exciting and energizing time for LPP research.This Handbook propels the field forward, offering a dialogue between the two major historical trends in LPP associated with the processes of Modernity and Late Modernity: the focus on continuity behind the institutional policies of the modern nation-state, and the attention to local processes of uncertainty and instability across different settings resulting from processes of change. The Handbook takes great strides toward overcoming the long-standing division between "top-down" and "bottom-up" analysis in LPP research, setting the stage for theoretical and methodological innovation.Part I defines alternative theoretical and conceptual frameworks in LPP, emphasizing developments since the ethnographic turn, including: ethnography in LPP; historical-discursive approaches; ethics, normative theorizing, and transdisciplinary methods; and the renewed focus on socio-economic class. Part II examines LPP against the background of influential ideas about language shaped by the institutions of the nation-state, with close attention to the social position of minority languages and specific communities facing profound language policy challenges. Part III investigates the turmoil and tensions that currently characterize LPP research under conditions of Late Modernity. Finally, Part IV presents an integrative summary and directions for future LPP research.
Table of Contents
Preface Contributors1. Research and practice in language policy and planningJames W. Tollefson and Miguel Pérez-MilansPart I. Conceptual underpinnings of language policy and planning (LPP): Theories and methods in dialogue2. Socio-economic junctures, theoretical shifts: A genealogy of LPP researchMonica Heller3. Research methods in language policy and planningDavid Cassels Johnson4. The critical ethnographic turn in research on language policy and planningMarilyn Martin-Jones and Ildegrada da Costa Cabral5. Critical discourse-ethnographic approaches to language policyRuth Wodak and Kristof Savski6. Metapragmatics in the ethnography of language policyMiguel Pérez-Milans7. Language ethics and the interdisciplinary challengeYael PeledPart II. LPP, Nation-states and CommunitiesII.A. Modern nationalism, languages, minorities, standardization, and globalization8. Nationalism and national languagesTomasz Kamusella9. Language and the state in Western political theory: Implications forlanguage policy and planningPeter Ives10. Ideologies of language standardization: The case of Cantonese in Hong KongKatherine H. Y. Chen11. Globalization, language policy, and the role of EnglishThomas Ricento12. Language rights and language repressionStephen MayII.B. LPP in institutions of the modern nation-state: Education, citizenship, media and public signage13. Medium of instruction policyJames W. Tollefson and Amy B.M. Tsui14. Language tests, language policy, and citizenshipKellie Frost and Tim McNamara15. Language policy and mass mediaXuesong (Andy) Gao and Qing Shao16. Maintaining "Good Guys" and "Bad Guys": Implicit Language Policies in Media Coverage of International CrisesSandra Silberstein17. Language policy and planning and linguistic landscapesFrancis M. HultII.C. LPP in/through communities18. Revitalizing and sustaining endangered languagesTeresa L. McCarty19. "We work as bilinguals": Socioeconomic changes and language policy for indigenous languages in El ImpenetrableVirginia Unamuno and Juan Eduardo Bonnin20. Critical community language policies in education: Solomon Islands CaseKaren Ann Watson-Gegeo, David W. Gegeo, and Billy Fito'o21. Family Language PolicyXiao Lan Curdt-Christiansen22. Language policies and sign languagesRonice Müller de QuadrosPart III. LPP and Late ModernityIII.A. LPP, neoliberalism and governmentality: A political economy view of language, bilingualism and social class23. Language policy and planning, institutions and neoliberalizationEva Codó24. Post-nationalism and language commodificationJoan Pujolar25. Bilingual education policy and neoliberal CLIL practicesAna María Relaño-Pastor26. Turning language and communication into productive resources: LPP and multinational corporationsAlfonso Del Percio27. Neoliberalism and linguistic governmentalityLuisa Martín Rojo28. Inequality and class in language policy and planningDavid BlockIII.B. Mobility, diversity and new social media: Revisiting key constructs29. Community languages in late modernityLi Wei30. New speakers and language policyBernadette O'Rourke, Josep Soler and Jeroen Darquennes31. Security and language policyConstadina Charalambous, Panayiota Charalambous, Kamran Khan, and Ben Rampton32. Language policy and new media: An age of convergence cultureAoife LenihanIII.C. Language, ideology and critique: Rethinking forms of engagement33. Language ideologies in the text based art of Xu Bing: Implications for language policy and planningAdam Jaworski34. Language education policy and sociolinguistics: Toward a new critical engagementJürgen JaspersPart IV. Summary and future directions35. Language policy and planning: Directions for future researchMiguel Pérez-Milans and James W. TollefsonIndex