A definitive global survey of the interaction of ethnicity, nationalism and politics, this handbook blends rigorous theoretically grounded analysis with empirically rich illustrations to provide a state-of-the-art overview of the contemporary debates on one of the most pervasive international security challenges today. Fully updated for the second edition, the book includes a new section which offers detailed analyses of contemporary cases of conflict such as in Ukraine, Kosovo, the African Great Lakes region and in the Kurdish areas across the Middle East, thus providing accessible examples that bridge the gap between theory and practice.
The contributors offer a 360-degree perspective on ethnic conflict: from the theoretical foundations of nationalism and ethnicity to the causes and consequences of ethnic conflict, and to the various strategies adopted in response to it. Without privileging any specific explanation of why ethnic conflict happens at a particular place and time or why attempts at preventing or settling it might fail or succeed, The Routledge Handbook of Ethnic Conflict enables readers to gain a better insight into such defining moments in post-Cold War international history as the disintegration of the Soviet Union and Yugoslavia, and their respective consequences, the genocide in Rwanda, and the relative success of conflict settlement efforts in Northern Ireland.
By contributing to understanding the varied and multiple causes of ethnic conflicts and to learning from the successes and failures of their prevention and settlement, the Handbook makes a powerful case that ethnic conflicts are neither unavoidable nor unresolvable, but rather that they require careful analysis and thoughtful and measured responses.
Table of Contents
Introduction: The Study of Ethnic Conflict: An Introduction Karl Cordell & Stefan Wolff Part One Origins of Nations’: Contested Beginnings, Contested Futures Jennifer-Jackson Preece Modernity, nationalism and ideology Daniele Conversi The Nation-State: Civic and Ethnic Dimensions Colin Clark Stateless Nations in a World of Nation States Stéphanie Chouniard Ethnicity and Religion Joseph Ruane & Jennifer Todd Race and Ethnicity Chris Gilligan Part Two Ethnicity as a Generator of Conflict Stuart Kaufman Democracy and Democratisation Jenny Engström The Causes and Consequences of Ethnic Cleansing Erin Jenne Genocide Jim Hughes Debating Partition: Evaluating the Standard Justifications Brendan O’Leary Irredentas and Secessions: Adjacent Phenomena, Neglected Connections Donald Horowitz Conflict Prevention: A Policy in Search of a Theory or a Theory in Search of a Policy? David Carment & Martin Fischer Managing and Settling Ethnic Conflict Asaf Siniver Multilateral Frameworks for Conflict Resolution Eva Sobotka Post-conflict Reconstruction in Ethnically Divided Societies Monika Heupel Part Three Deepening Democracy: The Role of Civil Society Ian O’Flynn & David Russell Human Rights and Ethnopolitics Joseph Marko Territorial Approaches to Ethnic Conflict Settlement John McGarry & Brendan O’Leary Ethnic Accommodation in Unitary States Frans Schrijver National Cultural Autonomy David Smith Centripetalism Benjamin Reilly Power Sharing Stefan Wolff & Karl Cordell Playing the Ethnic Card: Liberal Democratic and Authoritarian Practices Compared Sandra Barkhof Part Four The Kurds: a nation divided; a nation without a state Bill Park No more Conflicts: Accounting for Détente in the Great Lakes Region David E Kiwuwa In The Crosshairs of Great Powers: Linkage, Leverage and Conflict In Ukraine Tatyana Marlyenko Kosovo’s first unsuccessful secession: Revealing the reasons behind its failure Argyro Kartsonaki