This book focuses on two key aspects of hate crime in the UK since 1945: those motivated by racial and religious prejudices. It examines factors that have underpinned the emergence and occurrence of racial and religious hate crime and the approaches and policies that have been pursued by the state, especially the criminal justice system, to combat this problem. Crucially, it also provides insight into the challenges that are faced in the contemporary period (especially in the wake of the 2016 EU referendum) in combatting hate crime. Additionally the book briefly considers the importance of the rhetoric of the Trump campaign and the administration's early policies to the contemporary manifestations of racial and religious hate crime.
Table of Contents
Racism and hate crime
Immigration control and racially motivated hatred 1900 - to the early 1960s
Racially motivated discrimination, extremist rhetoric and immigration control 1960 - to the early 1980s
Policing, social disorder and responding to racially motivated offending in the 1980s and 1990s
Legislating against racially aggravated offending: from the Crime and Disorder Act 1998 to the Macpherson Report
Islamophobia and the social cohesion agenda
Contemporary political extremism
The Response to Hate Crime: From 2010 – Brexit
Conclusion: Hate crime - Brexit and beyond.