This book contains short analyses (kaidai) of Ogyū Sorai’s (1666-1728) most important works, as well as a biography and a number of essays. The essays explore various aspects of his teachings, of the origins of his thought, and of the reception of his ideas in Japan, China, and Korea before and after "modernization" struck in the second half of the nineteenth century.
Ogyū Sorai has come to be considered the pivotal thinker in the intellectual history of Early Modern Japan. More research has been done on Sorai than on any other Confucian thinker of this period. This book disentangles the modern reception from the way in which Sorai's ideas were understood and evaluated in Japan and China in the century following his death. The joint conclusion of the research of a number of the foremost specialists in Japan, Taiwan, and the West is that Sorai was and remains an original, innovative, and important thinker, but that his position within East-Asian thought should be redefined in terms of the East-Asian tradition to which he belonged, and not in the paradigms of European History of Philosophy or Intellectual History. The book represents up-to-date scholarship and allows both the young scholar to acquaint himself with Sorai, and the intellectual historian to compare Sorai with other thinkers of other times and of other philosophical traditions.
Table of Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction (W.J. Boot).- Part 1. Kaidai / Introductions.- Chapter 2. Yakubun sentei 訳文筌蹄 (Aihara Kōsaku).- Chapter 3. Sorai’s Military Studies (Kojima Yasunori).- Chapter 4. Ken’en zuihitsu 蘐園随筆 (“Jottings from the Miscanthus Garden”), Ken’en jippitsu 蘐園十筆 (“Ten Writings from the Miscanthus Garden”) (Takayama Daiki).- Chapter 5. Gakusoku 学則 (“School Rules”), Sorai-sensei tōmonsho 徂徠先生答問書 (“Master Sorai’s Responsals”) (Takayama Daiki).- Chapter 6. Bendō and Benmei (John A. Tucker).- Chapter 7. Rongo-chō 論語徴 (“Proof of the Analects”), Daigaku-kai 大学解 (“Explanation of the Great Learning”), Chūyō-kai 中庸解 (“Explanation of the Mean”) (Sawai Keiichi).- Chapter 8. Seidan 政談 (“Discourse on Government”) and Taiheisaku 太平策 (“A Plan for the Great Peace”) (Tajiri Yūichirō).- Chapter 9. Ogyū Sorai’s Collected Works (Sorai-shū) (Sawai Keiichi).- Part 2. Essays.- Chapter 10. An “Intellectual-Historical” Biography of Ogyū Sorai (Sawai Keiichi).- Chapter 11. Sorai’s Theory of Learning (Kojima Yasunori).- Chapter 12. Gods, Spirits and Heaven in Ogyū Sorai’s Political Theory (Olivier Ansart).- Chapter 13. Ogyū Sorai and the Forty-Seven Rōnin (John A. Tucker).- Chapter 14. “The Reception of Sorai’s Thought in the Second Half of the Edo Period” (W. J. Boot). Chapter 15. “Sorai’s Teachings in East-Asia: The Formation of His Methodology of Studying the Classics and the Reception of His Works on the Classics” (Lan Hung Yueh).- Chapter 16. The Study of Sorai’s Thought in Modern Japan (Takayama Daiki).