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洋書 kinoppy

生越專介(大阪大学)編/有機合成におけるニッケル触媒:方法と反応

Nickel Catalysis in Organic Synthesis : Methods and Reactions

1

Ogoshi, Sensuke (EDT)

Wiley-VCH 2019/11
352p.
出版国: DE
ISBN: 9783527344079
eISBN: 9783527813810
KNPID: EY00369850
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Full Description

A comprehensive reference to nickel chemistry for every scientist working with organometallic catalysts

Written by one of the world?s leading reseachers in the field, Nickel Catalysis in Organic Synthesis presents a comprehensive review of the high potential of modern nickel catalysis and its application in synthesis. Structured in a clear and assessible manner, the book offers a collection of various reaction types, such as cross-coupling reactions, reactions for the activation of unreactive bonds, carbon dioxide fixation, and many more.

Nickel has been recognized as one of the most interesting transition metals for homogeneous catalysis. This book offers an overview to the recently developed new ligands, new reaction conditions, and new apparatus to control the reactivity of nickel catalysts, allowing scientists to apply nickel catalysts to a variety of bond-forming reactions. A must-read for anyone working with organometallic compounds and their application in organic synthesis, this important guide:

-Reviews the numerous applications of nickel catalysis in synthesis
-Explores the use of nickel as a relatively cheap and earth-abundant metal
-Examines the versatility of nickel catalysis in reactions like cross-coupling reactions and CH activations
-Offers a resource for academics and industry professionals

Written for catalytic chemists, organic chemists, inorganic chemists, structural chemists, and chemists in industry, Nickel Catalysis in Organic Synthesis provides a much-needed overview of the most recent developments in modern nickel catalysis and its application in synthesis.

Table of Contents

Preface xi

Part I Reactions via Nickelacycles 1

1 Formation of Nickelacycles and Reaction with Carbon Monoxide 3
Sensuke Ogoshi

1.1 Introduction 3

1.2 Formation of Hetero-nickelacycles from Nickel(0) 3

1.3 Stoichiometric Reaction of Hetero-nickelacycles with Carbon Monoxide 4

References 9

2 Transformation of Aldehydes via Nickelacycles 13
Yoichi Hoshimoto

2.1 Introduction and Scope ofThis Chapter 13

2.2 Catalytic Transformation of Aldehydes Through Three-Membered Oxanickelacycle Complexes 14

2.3 Catalytic Transformation of Aldehydes Through Five-Membered Oxanickelacycle Complexes 18

2.4 Catalytic Transformation of Aldehydes Through Seven-Membered Oxanickelacycle Complexes 22

2.5 Conclusion and Outlook 23

References 25

3 Transformation of Imines via Nickelacycles 29
Masato Ohashi

3.1 Introduction 29

3.2 [2+2+1] Carbonylative Cycloaddition of an Imine and Either an Alkyne or an Alkene Leading to γ-Lactams 29

3.3 [2+2+2] Cycloaddition Reaction of an Imine with Two Alkynes: Formation of 1,2-Dihydropyridine Derivatives 31

3.4 Three-Component Coupling and Cyclocondensation Reactions of an Imine, an Alkyne, and Alkylmetal Reagents 34

References 37

4 Asymmetric C—C Bond Formation Reactions via Nickelacycles 39
Ravindra Kumar and Sensuke Ogoshi

4.1 Introduction 39

4.2 Enantioselective Reactions Involving Nickelacycles 39

4.2.1 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Alkynes and Aldehydes 39

4.2.1.1 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Reductive Coupling of Alkynes and Aldehydes 40

4.2.1.2 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Alkylative Coupling of Alkynes and Aldehydes 43

4.2.2 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Alkynes and Imines 44

4.2.3 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of 1,3-Enynes and Aldehydes 45

4.2.4 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of 1,3-Enynes and Ketones 46

4.2.5 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of 1,3-Dienes and Aldehydes 47

4.2.6 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Enones and Alkynes 50

4.2.6.1 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Alkylative Coupling of Enones and Alkynes 50

4.2.6.2 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Enones and Alkynes 51

4.2.7 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Arylenoates and Alkynes 55

4.2.8 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Diynes with Ketenes 56

4.2.9 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Allenes, Aldehydes, and Silanes 57

4.2.10 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Allenes and Isocyanates 58

4.2.11 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Alkenes, Aldehydes, and Silanes 59

4.2.12 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Formamide and Alkene 61

4.2.13 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Coupling of Alkynes and Cyclopropyl Carboxamide 63

4.3 Miscellaneous 64

4.3.1 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Annulation of Pyridones via Hydroarylation to Alkenes 64

4.3.2 Nickel-Catalyzed Asymmetric Synthesis of Benzoxasilole 65

4.4 Overview and Future Perspective 66

References 67

Part II Functionalization of Unreactive Bonds 69

5 Recent Advances in Ni-Catalyzed Chelation-Assisted Direct Functionalization of Inert C—H Bonds 71
Yan-Hua Liu, Fang Hu, and Bing-Feng Shi

5.1 Introduction 71

5.2 Ni-Catalyzed Functionalization of Inert CH Bonds Assisted by Bidentate Directing Groups 71

5.2.1 Arylation 72

5.2.2 Alkylation 76

5.2.3 Alkenylation 83

5.2.4 Alkynylation 85

5.2.5 Other C—C Bond Formation Reactions Directed by Bidentate Directing Group 88

5.2.6 C—N Bond Formation 89

5.2.7 C–Chalcogen (Chalcogen = O, S, Se) Bond Formation 89

5.2.8 C–Halogen Bond Formation 92

5.3 Ni-Catalyzed Functionalization of Inert CH Bonds Assisted by Monodentate Directing Groups 94

5.3.1 Alkylation 94

5.3.2 Alkenylation 95

5.3.3 Alkynylation 96

5.3.4 C–Calcogen Bond Formation 97

5.4 Summary 98

References 98

6 C—C Bond Functionalization 103
Yoshiaki Nakao

6.1 Introduction 103

6.2 C—C Bond Functionalization of Three-Membered Rings 103

6.3 C—C Bond Functionalization of Four- and Five-Membered Rings 110

6.4 C—C Bond Functionalization of Less Strained Molecules 113

6.5 C—CN Bond Functionalization 115

6.6 Summary and Outlook 116

References 117

7 C—O Bond Transformations 123
Mamoru Tobisu

7.1 Introduction 123

7.2 C(aryl)—O Bond Cleavage 124

7.2.1 Aryl Esters, Carbamates, and Carbonates 124

7.2.2 Aryl Ethers 132

7.2.3 Arenols 136

7.3 C(benzyl)—O Bond Cleavage 138

7.3.1 Benzyl Esters and Carbamates 138

7.3.2 Benzyl Ethers 140

7.4 C(acyl)—O Bond Cleavage 141

7.5 Summary and Outlook 144

References 145

Part III Coupling Reactions via Ni(I) and/or Ni(III) 151

8 Photo-Assisted Nickel-Catalyzed Cross-Coupling Processes 153
Christophe Lévêque, Cyril Ollivier, and Louis Fensterbank

8.1 Introduction 153

8.2 Development of Visible-Light Photoredox/Nickel Dual Catalysis 154

8.2.1 For the Formation of Carbon–Carbon Bonds 154

8.2.1.1 Starting from Organotrifluoroborates 154

8.2.1.2 Starting from Carboxylates or Keto Acids or from Methylanilines 157

8.2.1.3 Starting from Alkylsilicates 160

8.2.1.4 Starting from 1,4-Dihydropyridines 166

8.2.1.5 Starting from Alkylsulfinates 168

8.2.1.6 Starting from Alkyl Bromides 168

8.2.1.7 Starting from Xanthates 169

8.2.1.8 Starting from Sp3 CH Bonds 169

8.2.2 For the Formation of Carbon–Heteroatom Bonds 170

8.2.2.1 Formation of C—O Bond 170

8.2.2.2 Formation of C—P Bond 171

8.2.2.3 Formation of C—S Bond 171

8.3 Energy-Transfer-Mediated Nickel Catalysis 173

8.4 Conclusion 175

References 176

9 Cross-Electrophile Coupling: Principles and New Reactions 183
Matthew M. Goldfogel, Liangbin Huang, and Daniel J. Weix

9.1 Introduction 183

9.2 Mechanistic Discussion of Cross-Electrophile Coupling 185

9.3 C(sp2)—C(sp3) Bond Formation 188

9.3.1 Cross-Electrophile Coupling of Aryl-X and Alkyl-X 188

9.3.2 Cross-Electrophile Coupling of ArX and Bn-X 195

9.3.3 Cross-Electrophile Coupling of ArX and Allyl-X 196

9.3.4 Vinyl-X with R-X 197

9.3.5 Acyl-X with Alkyl-X 199

9.4 C(sp2)–C(sp2) Coupling 201

9.4.1 Aryl-X/Vinyl-X+Aryl-X/Vinyl-X 201

9.4.2 Aryl-X+Acyl-X 202

9.5 C(sp3)–C(sp3) Coupling 203

9.6 C(sp)–C(sp3) Coupling 205

9.7 Multicomponent Reactions 206

9.8 Future of the Field 208

References 209

10 Organometallic Chemistry of High-Valent Ni(III) and Ni(IV) Complexes 223
Liviu M. Mirica, Sofia M. Smith, and Leonel Griego

10.1 Introduction 223

10.2 Organometallic Ni(III) Complexes 223

10.3 Organometallic Ni(IV) Complexes 234

10.4 Other High-Valent Ni Complexes 239

10.4.1 Additional NiIII Complexes 239

10.4.2 Additional NiIV Complexes 241

10.5 Conclusions and Outlook 243

References 244

Part IV Carbon Dioxide Fixation 249

11 Carbon Dioxide Fixation via Nickelacycle 251
Ryohei Doi and Yoshihiro Sato

11.1 Introduction: Carbon Dioxide as a C1 Building Block 251

11.2 Formation, Structure, and Reactivity of Nickelalactone 252

11.2.1 Formation and Characterization of Nickelalactone via Oxidative Cyclization with CO2 252

11.2.1.1 Reaction with Alkene 252

11.2.1.2 Reaction with Allene 255

11.2.1.3 Reaction with Diene 256

11.2.1.4 Reaction with Alkyne 257

11.2.1.5 Other Related Reactions 260

11.2.1.6 Generation of Nickelalactone Without CO2 261

11.2.2 Reactivity of Nickelalactone 261

11.2.2.1 Transmetalation with Organometallic Reagent 261

11.2.2.2 β-Hydride Elimination 263

11.2.2.3 Insertion of Another Unsaturated Molecule 264

11.2.2.4 Retro-cyclization 265

11.2.2.5 Nucleophilic Attack 265

11.2.2.6 Oxidation 267

11.2.2.7 Ligand Exchange 267

11.3 Catalytic Transformation via Nickelalactone 1: Reactions of Alkynes 268

11.3.1 Synthesis of Pyrone 268

11.3.1.1 Initial Finding 268

11.3.1.2 Reaction of Diynes with CO2 268

11.3.2 Synthesis of α,β-Unsaturated Ester 269

11.3.2.1 Electrochemical Reactions 269

11.3.2.2 Reduction with Organometallic Reagents 270

11.4 Catalytic Transformation via Nickelalactone 2: Reactions of Alkenes and Related Molecules 271

11.4.1 Transformation of Diene, Allene, and Substituted Alkene 271

11.4.1.1 Coupling of Diene with CO2 271

11.4.1.2 Electrochemical Process 272

11.4.1.3 Use of Reductant 272

11.4.2 Synthesis of Acrylic Acid from Ethylene and CO2 274

11.4.2.1 Before the Dawn 275

11.4.2.2 Development of Catalytic Reaction 276

11.5 Concluding Remarks 278

References 279

12 Relevance of Ni(I) in Catalytic Carboxylation Reactions 285
Rosie J. Somerville and Ruben Martin

12.1 Introduction 285

12.2 Mechanistic Building Blocks 287

12.2.1 Additives 287

12.2.2 Coordination of CO2 287

12.2.3 Insertion/C—C Bond Formation 288

12.2.4 Ligand Effects 289

12.2.5 Oxidative Addition 290

12.2.6 Oxidation State 290

12.2.7 Single Electron Transfer (SET) 290

12.2.8 Conclusion 290

12.3 Electrocarboxylation 291

12.3.1 Introduction 291

12.3.2 Phosphine Ligands 294

12.3.3 Bipyridine and Related α-Diimine Ligands 296

12.3.4 Salen Ligands 297

12.3.5 Conclusion 298

12.4 Non-electrochemical Methods 298

12.4.1 Aryl Halides 300

12.4.2 Benzyl Electrophiles 304

12.4.3 Carboxylation of Unactivated Alkyl Electrophiles 306

12.4.4 Carboxylation of Allyl Electrophiles 312

12.4.5 Unsaturated Systems 315

12.5 Conclusions 318

References 319

Index 331