John Rawls is widely considered one of the most important political philosophers of the 20th century, and his highly original and influential works play a central role in contemporary philosophical debates.This collection of original essays explores the outpouring of scholarship and debate inspired by Rawls's political philosophy. Given the vastness of this scholarship, this volume aims to provide inroads to its central themes and preoccupations. The volume is divided into ten parts, exploring ten distinct questions, for example: Can Rawls's conception of public reason offer determinate answers to major questions of justice? Is ideal theory useful or relevant to resolving issues of justice in the nonideal world? Are libertarians correct to criticize Rawls's work for failing to prioritize economic liberty? When institutions aim at equality, what is it that they should seek to equalize--primary goods, capabilities, or welfare? For each question, there is an introductory essay, providing an overview of the relevant arguments from Rawls's work and the historical contours of the debate that ensued. Each introductory essay is followed by two essays written by scholars who take opposing positions, which move the discussion forward in a fruitful way.This volume provides readers with clear and in-depth explication of Rawls's arguments, the most important critical dialogue generated in response to those arguments, and the dialogue's significance to contemporary politics.
Table of Contents
An Introduction to Rawls on JusticeJon Mandle and Sarah Roberts-CadyPart I: Public ReasonIntroduction to Public ReasonChapter 1: Public Political Reason: Still Not Wide EnoughDavid ReidyChapter 2: Just Wide Enough: Reidy on Public ReasonJames BoettcherPart II: Ideal and Nonideal TheoryIntroduction to Ideal and Nonideal TheoryChapter 3: The "Focusing Illusion" of Rawlsian Ideal TheoryColin FarrellyChapter 4: The Value of Ideal TheoryMatthew AdamsPart III: The Libertarian Critique Introduction to the Libertarian CritiqueChapter 5: Rawls's Underestimation of the Importance of Economic Agency and Economic RightsJeppe Von PlatzChapter 6: Rawls on Economic Liberty and the Choice of "Systems of Social Co-Operation"Alan ThomasPart IV: Luck EgalitarianismIntroduction to Luck EgalitarianismChapter 7: Rawls and Luck EgalitarianismKasper Lippert-RasmussenChapter 8: The Point of Justice: On the Paradigmatic Incompatibility between Rawlsian "Justice as Fairness" and Luck EgalitarianismRainer ForstPart V: The Capability CritiqueIntroduction to the Capability CritiqueChapter 9: Sen's Capability CritiqueChris LowryChapter 10: Spectres of Democracy: Detouring the Limitations of Rawls and the Capabilities ApproachTony FitzpatrickPart VI: The Dependency CritiqueIntroduction to the Dependency CritiqueChapter 11: The Dependency Critique of Rawlsian EqualityEva KittayChapter 12: A Feminist Liberal Response to the Dependency CritiqueAmy BaehrPart VII: Rawls and feminismIntroduction to Rawls and FeminismChapter 13: The Indeterminacy of Rawls's Principles for Gender JusticeM. Victoria CostaChapter 14: A Feminist Defense of Political LiberalismChristie Hartley and Lori WatsonPart VIII: Rawls and Nonhuman AnimalsIntroduction to Rawls and Nonhuman AnimalsChapter 15: Extending Rawlsian Justice to Nonhuman AnimalsSarah Roberts-CadyChapter 16: Rawls and Animals: A DefensePatrick Taylor SmithPart IX: International Economic JusticeIntroduction to International Economic JusticeChapter 17: Rawls on Global Economic Justice: A Critical ExaminationRekha NathChapter 18: Rawls's Reasoning about International Economic Justice: A DefenseGillian BrockPart X: International Justice and TolerationIntroduction to International Justice and TolerationChapter 19: Right-Wing Populism and Non-Coercive Injustice: On the Limits of the Law of PeoplesMichael BlakeChapter 20: Tolerating Decent Societies: A Defense of the Law of Peoples Jon Mandle